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Israel officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
See the fact file below for more information on Israel or alternatively, you can download our 26-page Israel worksheet pack to utilize within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Israeli scholars traced their history from the Hebrew Bible. According to the text, its origin goes back to Abraham, who is considered the father of both Judaism (through his son Isaac) and Islam (through his son Ishmael).
- The word Israel comes from Abraham’s grandson, Jacob, who was renamed “Israel” by the Hebrew God in the Bible.
- In the absence of monarchial rule, the people were originally led by patriarchs, prophets, and judges.
- King David ruled Israel around 1000 B.C. His son, King Solomon, built the first holy temple in ancient Jerusalem.
- In about 931 B.C., the area was divided into two kingdoms: Israel in the north and Judah in the south.
- Israel experienced great turmoil as it was conquered by Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, and Romans.
- From 1517 to 1917, Israel, along with much of the Middle East, was ruled by the Ottoman Empire.
- Wanting to re-establish their ancient territories, an organized religious and political movement known as Zionism emerged among Jews.
- Between 1882 and 1903, about 35,000 Jews relocated to the old lands. Another 40,000 then settled in the area between 1904 and 1914.
- After the fall of the Ottoman Empire by the end of World War I, Great Britain took control over what became known as Palestine (modern-day Israel, Palestine, and Jordan).
- The Balfour Declaration and the British mandate over Palestine were approved by the League of Nations in 1922, supporting the establishment of the Jewish homeland. Arabs opposed the declaration.
- At the dawn of World War II, Israel and its citizens abroad were once again persecuted by Nazi Germany, resulting to about 6,000,000 deaths.
- Despite severe casualty, it persevered its cause to independence. By May 1948, Israel was officially declared an independent state with David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, as the prime minister.
FIGHTS FOR TOTAL INDEPENDENCE
- Following the announcement of an independent Israel, five Arab nations—Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon—immediately invaded the region in what became known as the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
- A year later, an armistice was declared and Israel managed to capture the main road to Jerusalem through the Yehuda Mountains (“Hills of Judaea”) and all of the Negev up to the former Egypt-Palestine frontier, except for the Gaza Strip.
- The Arab-Israeli ceasefire did not last long and several conflicts ensued the following years after Israel’s declaration of independence.
- The Six-Day War: Israel in 1967 defeated Egypt, Jordan, and Syria in six days. After this brief war, Israel took control of the Gaza Strip, Sinai Peninsula, the West Bank, and Golan Heights.
- Yom Kippur War: In 1973 Egypt and Syria launched airstrikes against Israel on the Holy Day of Yom Kippur to capture Golan Heights. The conflict lasted for two weeks before the UN intervened. Israel maintained its territories.
- Palestinian Infantadas: The first and second infantada occurred from 1987 to 2005. Palestinians rose up to reclaim their territories, which led Israel to remove all troops and Jewish settlements from the Gaza strip by the end of 2005.
- Hezbollah wars: In 2006, Israel went to war with Hezbollah—a Shiite Islamic militant group in Lebanon. An unnegotiated ceasefire ended the conflict a couple of months after it started.
- Hamas Wars: Beginning in 2006, Israel has been involved in repeated violence with Hamas, a Sunni Islamist militant group that assumed power in Palestine. Some of the more significant conflicts took place in 2008, 2012 and 2014.
- Seventy-five percent of Israel’s citizens are Jewish, and 25 percent are non-Jews, of which most are Arab.
- Israel has a highly developed industrial economy with a GDP of $311 billion in 2016, the 35th largest in the world. Its GDP per capita is nearly $35,000 – far ahead of several European countries.
- Israel is a parliamentary democracy. Parties are awarded legislative seats based on the proportion of votes received. Elections must take place by law at least every four years, though in practice they occur more often.
- Israel’s official languages are Hebrew and Arabic. It produced several internationally translated writers and has cultural institutions, such as orchestras, dance troupes, theater companies, and museums.
- Israel has been in a state of conflict with its neighbors since its very founding, and most Jewish Israelis are drafted into the Israel Defense Forces at age 18.
- Men serve approximately three years followed by annual reserve duty, and women serve approximately two years.
- After Canada, Israel was the world’s second-best educated country in 2012, according to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
This is a fantastic bundle that includes everything you need to know about Israel across 26 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Israel worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Israel officially the State of Israel, which is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- In Sum…
- Mapping Israel
- Symbols of Israel
- Jewish Victors
- Ancient Heritage
- Ancient Timeline
- Modern Timeline
- The Pioneers
- On Matters of Safety
- Reviewing Israel
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Link will appear as Israel Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, September 28, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.