Israel Facts

Israel Facts
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Capital
Jerusalem; note – Israel proclaimed Jerusalem as its capital in 1950, but the US, like nearly all other countries, maintains its Embassy in Tel Aviv

Population
5,938,093 (July 2001 est.), note: includes about 176,000 Israeli settlers in the West Bank, about 20,000 in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, about 6,900 in the Gaza Strip, and about 173,000 in East Jerusalem (August 2000 est.)

Area
20,770 sq km, slightly smaller than New Jersey

Government
Parliamentary democracy

Money
New Israeli shekel (ILS)

Climate
Temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas

Languages
Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially for Arab minority, English most commonly used foreign language