Israel Facts

Israel Facts
Israel, known officially as the State of Israel, is a country in Western Asia, situated at the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. See the fact file below for more information about Israel.
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Jerusalem; note – Israel proclaimed Jerusalem as its capital in 1950, but the US, like nearly all other countries, maintains its Embassy in Tel Aviv

5,938,093 (July 2001 est.), note: includes about 176,000 Israeli settlers in the West Bank, about 20,000 in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, about 6,900 in the Gaza Strip, and about 173,000 in East Jerusalem (August 2000 est.)

20,770 sq km, slightly smaller than New Jersey

Parliamentary democracy

New Israeli shekel (ILS)

Temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas

Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially for Arab minority, English most commonly used foreign language