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The city of Jerusalem is the center of Judaism and the capital of the Land of Israel. Jews all over the world face Jerusalem while praying.
See the fact file below for more information on the Jerusalem or alternatively, you can download our 25-page Jerusalem worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
HISTORY OF JERUSALEM
- The name Jerusalem is a combination of two Hebrew words, yireh (will see) and shalem (peace, wholeness).
- Based on historical claims, Jerusalem was founded as the City of David in 1010 BCE.
- It has been governed as a provincial town and a national capital by dynasties and states.
- But over the course of 3,000 years, Jerusalem has been attacked 52 times, captured and recaptured 44 times, besieged 23 times, and destroyed twice.
- Moreover, more than 100 battles have been fought for control of Jerusalem over the course of its history.
- Jerusalem was the site of the First and Second Holy Temples.
- It is estimated that the First Temple was built by King Solomon in mid-10th century BCE and took 150,000 workers.
- The Temple stood for 410 years until it was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon.
- The Second Temple was built in the 6th century BCE and stood until the year 70 CE.
- In 37 B.C., King Herod restructured it and added retaining walls to the temple.
- In the year 3829 (69 CE), it was destroyed once again, this time by the Romans.
- After its destruction, the Kotel Hamaaravi, or Western Wall in English, is the only structure that remained from the Temple Mount.
THE WALLED CITY
- Jerusalem is a walled city with walls about 2.5 miles long, 40 feet tall, and 8 feet thick.
- There are 34 watchtowers along Jerusalem’s walls and there are 7 gates for traffic.
- Jerusalem is divided into four settlements: The Jewish Quarter, Armenian Quarter, Christian Quarter, and Muslim Quarter.
- Jerusalem has more than 2,000 active archaeological sites, including the Western Wall and the Temple Mount.
- Mount of Olives is the oldest burial site in the world and is the resting place for more than 150,000 Jewish graves.
DEMOGRAPHY AND POLITICS
- The Knesset, Israel’s legislative body, is in Jerusalem and is named for the Knesset Hagedolah (Great Assembly).
- The official residence of the Prime Minister, Beit Aghion, is in Jerusalem.
- In 1840, Jews became the largest ethnic group in Jerusalem and have been ever since.
- Jerusalem is Israel’s largest city in landmass and population.
- It is comprised of 61% Jews, 36% Muslims, 1% Arab Christians, and 1% non-Arab Christians.
CULTURE AND TOURISM
- There are more than 1,500 public parks and gardens, more than 60 museums, and 26 wineries in Jerusalem.
- One of Israel’s top tourist attractions is the Biblical Zoo that features a collection of wildlife written in the Bible.
- Jerusalem hosts more than 30 annual festivals including opera, film, books, and wine tasting.
- Jerusalem is considered the eternal capital of the Jewish people.
- Jerusalem kugel, the most famous dish, originated in the Holy City in the 19th century.
- The largest synagogue is also located in Jerusalem. It was built in the year 2000 CE.
- Almost all buildings in Jerusalem are made with Jerusalem stone.
JERUSALEM AND MODERNITY
- Jerusalem celebrates it frontier in scientific, technological, military, and cultural development over the years after its establishment.
- It was named one of the world’s fastest-growing high-tech hubs in 2015.
- Completed in 2011, Jerusalem’s light rail system can accommodate 23,000 passengers an hour.
- Hadassah Hospital was the first to perform computer-guided hip replacement surgery.
- Jerusalem is home to more than 400 high-tech companies but 14% of the Jerusalem workforce is self-employed.
- The Har Hotzvim industrial park and the Jerusalem Technology Park are home to large research and development centers of international tech companies such as Intel, Cisco, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, IBM, Mobileye, Johnson & Johnson, Medtronic, and more .
- Ben Gurion Airport, located about 50 kilometres NW, is Jerusalem’s main air transport.
- The Israel Broadcasting Authority, the state broadcasting center of Israel, is located in Jerusalem.
ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT OVER JERUSALEM
- Both Israelis and Palestinians have aimed to make the city their capitals, causing constant clashes in religious and military order.
- Israel declared in 1980 that Jerusalem is its capital, despite the refusal of Arab countries to recognize this distinction.
- In May 2017, the Palestinian group Hamas proposed the formation of a Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital.
- With these two in conflict, Jerusalem is yet to experience real peace until one concedes ownership.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Jerusalem across 25 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Jerusalem worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the city of Jerusalem which is the center of Judaism and the capital of the Land of Israel. Jews all over the world face Jerusalem while praying.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Quick Quiz
- Hebrew Speaking
- The Star of David
- Historical Sites
- Icons of Jerusalem
- Jerusalem Timeline
- Preserving the City
- Jerusalem Stone
- Vocabulary Tests
- Poem for Jerusalem
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Link will appear as Jerusalem Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, March 31, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.