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Lima, the capital of Peru, lies on the country’s arid Pacific coast. Though its colonial center is preserved, it is a bustling metropolis and one of South America’s largest cities. It is home to the Museo Larco collection of pre-Columbian art and the Museo de la Nación, tracing the history of Peru’s ancient civilizations.
See the fact file below for more information on the Lima or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Lima worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Lima, capital of Peru, is the country’s commercial and industrial center. Central Lima is located at an elevation of 512 feet (156 metres) on the south bank of the Rímac River, about 8 miles (13 km) inland from the Pacific Ocean port of Callao, and has an area of 27 square miles (70 square km).
- Its name is a corruption of the Quechua name Rímac, meaning “Talker.” The city forms a modern oasis, surrounded by the Peruvian coastal desert a short distance west of the Andes Mountains.
Its area is 1,506 square miles (3,900 square km).
- Lima is home to one of the oldest institutions of higher learning in the New World.
- Just as the physical fabric of Lima has been transformed since the 1930s, so too has its population.
- It is now difficult to identify what might be called a true Limeño, for in a very real sense, Lima has become the most Peruvian of cities.
- Everywhere one can hear different accents, reflecting the myriad origins of the provincianos who have made the city a microcosm of the country.
- Before the arrival of the highland migrants (commonly called serranos or, if demonstrating what are perceived to be Indian characteristics, cholos), it was relatively easy to mark the difference between the European elite and other ethnic mixtures.
- In spite of the many and complex problems that confront those who live in Lima, it is still the dominant and most vibrant cultural center of Peru.
- Lima contains the most distinguished universities in the country—including the oldest university in South America, the National University of San Marcos (1551), and the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (1917)—as well as numerous other schools.
- Nearly all of the major academies, learned societies, and research institutes are located in metropolitan Lima, as are the national cultural institutions.
- Recreation in Lima takes many forms, but perhaps no sports are more important than football (soccer) for men and volleyball for women.
- Local football clubs have large and devoted followings.
- Dozens of cinemas, theater clubs, and discotheques provide nightlife, and there are scores of peñas, nightclubs featuring folk music.
- The music of Lima, as symbolized in the works of Chabuca Granda and Alicia Maguiña Málaga, is always popular, and it has enjoyed a renewed interest on the part of the public at large.
- Plaza de Armas, also called Plaza Mayor, is a broad square and historical center of Lima. It is also the most logical starting point for sightseeing. Most of the buildings from the original city were lost in the earthquake of 1746 – the only original structure standing in Lima Plaza de Armas is the bronze fountain in the center, built in 1651.
- On cliffs above the ocean, just south of central Lima, Miraflores is a neighborhood of modern glass-and-steel commercial buildings mixed with some fine old colonial homes and lots of green space.
- The pyramid-shaped temple of Huaca Pucllana lies in the heart of Miraflores and is now incongruously surrounded by buildings.
- Ceviche, Peru’s now world-famous dish, was perfected in Lima and is one of the most delicious dishes to order.
- It is made with fresh fish caught every morning that is then marinated in limes and rocoto peppers, served with onions, corn, and sweet potatoes.
- Nikkei is a fusion of Peruvian and Japanese food using Japanese techniques with Peruvian ingredients, the result of which is nothing short of delicious.
- Just imagine sushi that is also served with rocoto peppers, corn, sweet potatoes, and yuca.
- The Ají de gallina, a classic dish made from potatoes and eggs in a thick creamy sauce, has been featured on the appetizer menu in several restaurants across Lima.
- The Anticuchos is a marinated cow heart grilled to perfection. While typically sold on the streets outside of bars, they can also be ordered at restaurants.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Lima across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Lima worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Lima, the capital of Peru, which lies on the country’s arid Pacific coast. Though its colonial center is preserved, it is a bustling metropolis and one of South America’s largest cities. It is home to the Museo Larco collection of pre-Columbian art and the Museo de la Nación, tracing the history of Peru’s ancient civilizations.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Lima Peru Facts
- Five Facts
- LP Trademark
- L for Lima Peru
- LP Puzzle
- Decode and Describe
- Breaking News
- Word Bank
- LP Checklist
- Collage Making
- Four Fun Facts
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Link will appear as Lima Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 15, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.