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The Luxor temple in Egypt was built during the reign of the pharaohs Amenhotep III (1390-52 BC), Tutankhamun (1336-27 BC), Horemheb (1323-1295 BC), and Ramses II (1279-13 BC). It is dedicated to the king of the gods, Amun, his consort Mut, and their son Khons. Their statues are reunited with the avenue of Sphinxes during the annual tradition of Opet. It is located at the east of the Nile River in Luxor.
See the fact file below for more information on the Luxor temple or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Luxor Temple worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLE
- The construction of the Luxor Temple began during the time of pharaoh Amenhotep III at around 1400 BCE. It was completed during the time of Tutankhamun and Horemheb. It was during the rule of Ramses II that new features to the temple were added.
- Nubian Sandstone from the Gebel el-Silsila area were used to build the said temple.
- Illusionism is evident in the temple since the two obelisks located at the entrance appear to be the same height, but they actually are not. It creates a visual and spatial effect that enhances the pathway towards the temple.
THE LAYOUT OF THE TEMPLE
- Based on the layout of the temple on the left, the following are the places of interest:
- (1) Avenue of Sphinx
- (2) First Pylon
- (3) Roman camp
- (4) Mosque
- (5) Court of Ramses II
- (6) Court of Amenhotep III
- (7) Chapel of Mut
- (8) Chapel of Khonsu
- (9) Chapel of Amun
- (10) Birth Chamber
- The entire temple site is enclosed by a large mud brick built during the time of Nectanebo I. Chapels were built by Amenhotep III and Alexander.
EXCAVATION OF THE TEMPLE
- For many centuries, the city population in Luxor continued to grow and settlements were built around the temple. This accumulated a lot of rubble that later on became an artificial hill, with a height of almost 14.5 to 15 meters (48-50 feet).
- Excavation efforts to unearth the temple began in 1884, led by Gaston Maspero, a French Egyptologist and professor. He was able to obtain permission from the public works minister of Egypt.
- Rubble accumulated throughout centuries buried almost three-fourths of the Luxor temple, where courts of the pharaohs were located.
- Before the excavation proper, the team had to take out barracks, huts, stores, and pigeon towers. Negotiations related to compensation for the lands to be excavated were done before they proceeded.
THE OPET FESTIVAL
- The festival usually takes place every year during the second month of the Nile River’s flooding season.
- During the festivities, the statues of Amun, Mut, and Khonsu were carried in a procession from Karnak to the temple of Luxor. They were marched along the avenue of Sphinxes.
- The highlight of the festivities is when the statues of Amun-Re from Karnak and Amun from Luxor meet inside the temple.
THE SIX SHRINES
- There are six shrines of bargue that were set up for the Feast of Opet along the avenue of Sphinxes connecting Karnak and Luxor temple.
- Each station serves a function. For instance, Kamare cooled the oar of Amun. This is found in the fourth station.
- The fifth station along the avenue of Sphinxes in the temple receives the beauty of Amun, while the sixth station of Kamare is dedicated to a shrine for Amun which was also called the Holy of Steps.
Luxor Temple Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Luxor Temple across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Luxor Temple worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Luxor temple in Egypt which was built during the reign of the pharaohs Amenhotep III (1390-52 BC), Tutankhamun (1336-27 BC), Horemheb (1323-1295 BC), and Ramses II (1279-13 BC). It is dedicated to the king of the gods, Amun, his consort Mut, and their son Khons. Their statues are reunited with the avenue of Sphinxes during the annual tradition of Opet. It is located at the east of the Nile River in Luxor.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Luxor Temple Facts
- Fact of Bluff?
- Know Your Pharaohs
- Where in the Temple?
- Luxor Fascinating Facts
- Ancient Egypt
- Making the Temple’s Stamp
- The Nubian Sandstone
- The Opet Festival
- Unearthing the Temple
- The Temple Art
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Link will appear as Luxor Temple Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, October 15, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.