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Mongolia, a landlocked country in Asia bordered by China and Russia, is known for vast, rugged expanses and nomadic culture. Ulaanbaatar, the country’s capital, centers around Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan) Square, which is named after the notorious founder of the 13th- and 14th-century Mongol Empire.
See the fact file below for more information on the Mongolia or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Mongolia worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Almost half of the population of Mongolia resides in the capital, Ulaanbaatar. While the remaining population is nomads who travel in search of better pastures for their cattle.
- Mongolia is a self-governing republic in East Asia. It is bordered on the south, east, and west by China and to the north by Russia.
- With an area of 1,564,116 square kilometers (603,909 sq mi), Mongolia placed as the 18th-largest and the most sparsely populated sovereign state in the world, with an estimated three million people.
- Mongolia is the world’s second-largest landlocked country after Kazakhstan.
- Mongolia is roughly the size of Alaska and is significantly bigger than the next-largest country, Peru.
- The northernmost portion of Mongolia is on about the same latitude as Berlin (Germany) and Saskatoon (Canada), while the southernmost portion is on about the same latitude as Rome (Italy) and Chicago (USA).
- The westernmost section of Mongolia is roughly the same longitude as Kolkata in India, while the easternmost section is the same longitude as Qinhuangdao and Hangzhou in China, as well as the western edge of Taiwan.
- Mongolia is identified for its steppe lands. These are the dry, green plains that support the usual Mongolian herding lifestyle. Some regions of Mongolia are mountainous, though, while others are desert.
- The highest point in Mongolia is Nayramadlin Orgil at 4,374 meters or 14,350 feet tall and the lowest point is Hoh Nuur at 518 meters or 1,700 feet tall.
- Mongolia has a rigid continental climate with very light rainfall and wide seasonal temperature variations.
- Winters are extremely cold in Mongolia, with average temperatures dropping in January around -30 C (-22 F). The Capital, Ulaanbaatar, is the coldest and windiest country capital on Earth. Summers are crisp and hot, and most precipitation comes during the summer months.
- Unusual snow storms sometimes drop more than a meter (3 feet) of snow, burying livestock.
- People from Mongolia are called both as Mongolians and Mongols.
- About 94 percent of the total population of Mongolia are ethnic Mongols, generally from the Khalkha clan.
- Roughly nine percent of the Mongol’s ethnic groups came from the Durbet, Dariganga, and other clans. About 5% of Mongolian citizens are Turkic peoples, principally Kazakhs and Uzbeks.
- The official language of Mongolia is the Khalka Mongol used by 90% of Mongolians.
- Other people use different dialects of Mongolian, Turkic languages (such as Kazakh, Tuvan, and Uzbek), and Russian.
- Russian is the most commonly used foreign language in Mongolia, although English and Korean are practiced as well.
- The majority of the Mongolian people, approximately 94%, practice Tibetan Buddhism. The Gelugpa also called the “Yellow Hat” school of Tibetan Buddhism gained distinction in Mongolia during the 16th century.
- Around 6% of Mongols are Sunni Muslims and are mostly members of the Turkic minorities. There are also 2% of the Mongols that are Shamanist who follow the traditional belief system of Mongolia. They worship their ancestors and the clear blue sky.
- Mongolia’s economy depends generally in mineral mining, livestock and animal products, and textiles. Minerals that are for export include copper, tin, gold, molybdenum, and tungsten.
- The currency of Mongolia is called tugrik.
- Mongolia is famous for its nomadic traditions. The nomadic way of living is still followed today in the rural regions of the country.
- Nomads observe a seasonal routine in which they raise and breed the five main types of livestock, specifically goats, sheep, cattle (including yaks), camels, and horses. They migrate from place to place searching for the most favorable pastures and campsites.
- The symbol in the left bar of the national flag is called Mongolian Soyombo that represents the sun, moon, stars, and heavens per standard cosmological symbology abstracted from that seen in traditional thangka paintings.
- Every mid of July, communities around Mongolia celebrate the Naadam Festival. It features the national sports, specifically wrestling, archery, and horse racing, which is also known as the Three Games of Men. It is rooted in the mists of antiquity and continues to be very popular among the Mongolians today.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Mongolia across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Mongolia worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Mongolia, a landlocked country in Asia bordered by China and Russia, which is known for vast, rugged expanses and nomadic culture. Ulaanbaatar, the country’s capital, centers around Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan) Square, which is named after the notorious founder of the 13th- and 14th-century Mongol Empire.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Mongolia Facts
- Mongolia Representation
- Mongolia Profile
- Roughly Same
- Essay Time
- Ethnic Religions
- News Alert
- Mongolian Menu
- Naadam Festival
- To Do List
- Favorite Facts
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Link will appear as Mongolia Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, February 28, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.