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The Mount Crater in New Zealand is the highest natural point in the whole of Auckland, New Zealand. It reaches an elevation of 196 meters above sea level and has about 48 volcanic cones spread across the country.
See the fact file below for more information on the Mount Crater or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Mount Crater worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Calderas, or craters, are some of the most spectacular features on Earth. They are large volcanic craters that are formed by two different methods: an explosive volcanic eruption or a collapse of surface rock into an empty magma chamber.
- In most volcanoes, the crater is situated at the top of a mountain, formed from the erupted volcanic deposits such as lava flows and tephra. Volcanoes that terminate in such a summit crater are usually of a conical form.
- Some of the craters formed in New Zealand are Mt. Tarawera, Mt. Eden, Mayor Island, and Tongariro National Park.
TOP MOUNT CRATER IN NEW ZEALAND
- 35,000 years ago, a 3 km-wide composite caldera was formed in two or three collapse events, the last of which took place about 6300 years ago, and was accompanied by a plinian eruption that produced tephra deposits up to 70 cm thick on mainland North Island.
- The most recent lava flows have been dated at between 500 and 1,000 years old. Tuhua is considered special by Māori because its geological make-up includes black obsidian, a volcanic glass created by the rapid cooling of silica-rich lava.
- One of the top craters in New Zealand is Tongariro National Park. Its land mass was formed by a multitude of eruptions from at least six different cones which all share the same alignment.
- Red Crater was formed about 3000 years ago. The red color is due to the presence of oxidised iron in the rock.
- Tongariro National Park was the first national park formed in New Zealand, and the fourth in the country.
- Mount Tarawera is the volcano responsible for one of New Zealand’s largest historic eruptions, which occurred on June 10, 1886.
- The hot avalanches at Mt Tarawera were produced by the collapse of the steep margins of the summit domes.
- Mount Eden Crater is one of the most prominent volcanic cones remaining in the Auckland region.
- Erupting about 15,000 years ago from three overlapping scoria cones, it formed a huge scoria mound with a central crater from the last eruption.
- Volcanoes are a conspicuous feature of the Auckland city landscape. In some cases their form is emphasized by their preservation as reserves and parks, while in others they have been quarried to meet the city’s demand for building materials.
- Maungawhau / Mt Eden attracts many tourists, as it is the highest natural point in Auckland, and provides good views of the city in all directions.
- From March 11 of 2019, arborists will begin the vegetation component of the restoration program with the removal of approximately 150 exotic trees, before planting around 13,000 native trees and shrubs from May to August.
- Visitors can expect some temporary closures of the maunga between March 11 and early April of 2019 on days that a helicopter is assisting tree removals. Signage explaining the project and temporary closures will be placed at entrance points.
- A significant portion of trees being removed is identified as pest plants in the Auckland Regional Pest Management Strategy. No existing native, scheduled, or protected trees will be removed.
- The new plantings will be carefully positioned to enhance sight lines to and from the tihi (summit), and over time will create a native ecosystem reflective of what was originally present on the maunga. Community planting days will be planned.
- A new habitat for native ornate and copper skinks will also be created on the northern side of Māngere Mountain, incorporating over 600 new low-growing native plants. Māngere Mountain currently includes the most significant native skink habitats of any of the maunga sites in Auckland.
Mount Crater Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Mount Crater across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Mount Crater worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Mount Crater in New Zealand is the highest natural point in the whole of Auckland, New Zealand. It reaches an elevation of 196 meters above sea level and has about 48 volcanic cones spread across the country.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Mount Crater in New Zealand Facts
- Name Guessing
- Formation of Craters
- Fact or Bluff
- Facts File
- Acrostic Poem
- Sentence Completion
- Pic Collage
- My Idea
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Link will appear as Mount Crater Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, October 25, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.