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Newfoundland and Labrador form the most easterly province of Canada. On Newfoundland island, the Norse archaeological site L’Anse aux Meadows is the reputed settlement of Viking explorer Leif Erikson. Gros Morne National Park, on the Gulf of St Lawrence, has cliffs, waterfalls and glacial fjords. Southeastern capital city St. John’s is known for the 17th-century Signal Hill citadel, with a hillside walking trail.
See the fact file below for more information on the Newfoundland or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Newfoundland worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
FAST FACTS ABOUT NEWFOUNDLAND
- Technically known as “Newfoundland and Labrador”, the province is the easternmost province in Canada and is situated along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean.
- The Strait of Belle Isle separates the province into Labrador, which is connected to mainland Canada, and Newfoundland, the adjacent island in the Atlantic Ocean.
- 97% of residents in Newfoundland speak English.
- 92% of residents live on the island of Newfoundland.
- Newfoundland’s capital city is St. John’s, where nearly 40% of the province’s population live.
- Newfoundland became a province of Canada on March 31, 1949 – it was the final province to become a part of Canada. Formerly, it was a colony and then dominion of the United Kingdom.
- As of 2019, approximately 525,000 people live in Newfoundland.
- The provincial flag (seen above) was designed by Christopher Pratt and adopted in May of 1980; the colors all represent something:
- Blue: The sea
- White: The snow and ice
- Red: The efforts and struggles of the people
- Gold: The confidence of the people in Newfoundland and Labrador
- Blue triangles: Tribute to the province’s British heritage
- Red triangles: Represent Labrador
- Golden arrows: “Point to a brighter future”
HISTORY OF NEWFOUNDLAND
- The earliest voyagers to Newfoundland and Labrador were the Norse in about 1000 CE who came from Greenland. They encountered hostile Aboriginal people and did not stay.
- They did, however, live in a village known today as L’Anse aux Meadows – remains and artifacts can be seen there now, and the village is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- John Cabot, who was commissioned by King Henry VII of England, reached Newfoundland in 1497.
- During the 15th century, a European fishery was opened, and French, Basque, Portuguese, and English boats sailed over to do business with Cabot and his settlements over the next few decades.
- The first permanent English settlement was on Conception Bay in 1610; the colony of Avalon was established shortly after in 1621.
- When the English realized that they needed to stay in Newfoundland year-round, or risk losing their settlements to the French, a series of wars erupted between 1689 and 1713. The warfare lasted until the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 when France formally recognized British sovereignty over Newfoundland.
- In 1763, Labrador was added to Newfoundland; also at this time, James Cook made a detailed survey of the coasts of Newfoundland and Labrador on his circumnavigation of the world.
- The Anglo-French Wars (between 1793-1815) marked a time when English fisheries experienced turmoil and demands were being made for reform.
- Newfoundland acquired Dominion status in 1907 but was not yet officially a part of Canada yet; Newfoundland was still a self-governing state of the British Empire.
- After Newfoundland’s involvement in both World War I and World War II, a man named Joey Smallwood called for the examination of joining Canada by sending a delegation to Ottawa; following many referendums and a lot of deliberation, Newfoundland joined the confederation on March 31st, 1949.
GEOGRAPHY OF NEWFOUNDLAND
- Newfoundland and Labrador is the most easterly province in Canada, and the two parts are separated by the Strait of Belle Isle.
- The northeasternmost part of the Appalachian Mountains extends into Newfoundland along the west coast, and are called the Long Range Mountains.
- There are various climate types (6 to be exact) found in Newfoundland, ranging from subarctic to humid continental.
- Newfoundland is home to many freshwater lakes and rivers.
- Much of the province is forested, and is home to many balsam fir and black spruce trees.
- Some species of animals you are likely to find in Newfoundland include moose, caribou, black and polar bears, a variety of foxes, the beaver, lynx, whales, Atlantic puffins, as well as many migratory birds and fish.
- Newfoundland’s provincial flower is the pitcher plant (seen right).
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Newfoundland across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Newfoundland worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Newfoundland and Labrador which form the most easterly province of Canada. On Newfoundland island, the Norse archaeological site L’Anse aux Meadows is the reputed settlement of Viking explorer Leif Erikson. Gros Morne National Park, on the Gulf of St Lawrence, has cliffs, waterfalls and glacial fjords. Southeastern capital city St. John’s is known for the 17th-century Signal Hill citadel, with a hillside walking trail.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Rich Fishing History
- Map of Newfoundland & Labrador
- Newfoundland’s War History
- Newfoundland Wordsearch
- Triangular Trading Map
- Spotlight on: Joey Smallwood
- True or False?
- See, Think, Wonder
- Newfoundland Crossword
- Culture Collage
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Link will appear as Newfoundland Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, June 27, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.