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One Tree Hill is a 182-meter volcanic peak in Auckland, New Zealand. The native name of One Tree Hill is Maungakiekie in the Māori Language.
See the fact file below for more information on the One Tree Hill or alternatively, you can download our 24-page One Tree Hill worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The One Tree Hill is surrounded by the suburbs of Royal Oak, Epsom, Greenlane, Oranga, and Onehunga.
- The hill has scoria cones that erupted from three craters.
- Scoria is a vesicular, dark colored volcanic rock.
- One of the three craters is intact.
- The other two have been breached by lava flows that moved away part of the side of the scoria cone.
- Lava flowed in all directions, mostly towards Onehunga, covering an area of 20 square kilometers.
- One Tree Hill is the second largest area of the Auckland Volcanic Field, behind Rangitoto Island.
- Rangitoto Island is in the Hauraki Gulf near Auckland.
- Rangitoto Island is the youngest and largest volcano of the Auckland volcanic field. One Tree Hill comes second.
- The age of eruption of the hill is currently unknown.
- However, it is older than 28,500 years as it had mantling of volcanic ash erupted at that time from Te Tātua-a-Riukiuta volcano.
- Maungakiekie, the hill’s Maōri name, means “mountain of the kiekie vine.”
- Kiekie is a plant native to New Zealand. It is a densely branched, brittle, woody vine.
- The Māori also knew the hill as “tōtara that stands alone.”
- Tōtara is a podocarp (a genus of conifers) tree endemic in New Zealand.
- From the early 1700s or earlier, the mountain and its surrounds were home to the Te Wai ō Hua tribe. Just like many other Māori tribes in the Auckland area, they could trace their ancestry to the mountain.
- A Pā refers to any Māori village or defensive settlement, and Maungakiekie was the largest pā in pre-European times.
- The cone and surroundings of the Maungakiekie are estimated to have cradled a population of 5,000.
- The Nga Marama chief Kiwi Tamaki held the pā and used its strategic set-up to exact tribute from travelers passing from Northland to the rest of the North Island.
- The Waiohua occupation of the Māori pā came to an end around 1740-1750 AD when they were defeated by the Ngati Whatua-o-Kaipara.
- Around 1795 AD, the pā was abandoned with the death of Te Taou leader Tuperiri.
- In 1845, the Ngati Whatua tribe (with the representatives of Waiohua people) sold a block of land, which included the Maungakiekie, to a merchant named Thomas Henry.
- 115 acres of the hill were excluded from the sale and vested in the Crown under the preemptive right of the Government.
- This became the One Tree Hill Domain.
- Brown & Campbell purchased Henry’s land surrounding the recently protected One Tree Hill Domain in 1853.
- This land became Cornwall Park in 1901.
- The government led an initiative to restore the mountain in 1964, but stopped when the initiative was canceled after two years.
ONE TREE HILL DOMAIN
- One Tree Hill Domain is a 118-acre park owned by Ngā Mana Whenua o Tāmaki Makaurau Collective.
- It used to be administered by Auckland City Council but the Ngā Mana Whenua o Tāmaki Makaurau Authority took over its administration in 2012.
- In 2008, the access to the summit after dark was closed as it became a place where young racers partied at night.
- In 2014, under the Treaty of Waitangi settlement with the Tamaki Makaurau Collective of 13 Auckland iwi, the volcano was officially named Maungakiekie/One Tree Hill.
- It is now governed by both the collective and Auckland Council.
- Being at the summit of One Tree Hill allows one to see across the entire Auckland area.
- Visitors are able to see both of Auckland’s harbours.
- An obelisk (a tall, four-sided, narrow tapering monument) is found at the peak of the hill.
- Completed in 1941, the obelisk was put up as a memorial to the Māori.
- The obelisk was designed by Richard Atkinson Abbot, a New Zealand architect born in Auckland.
- A bronze statue of a Maōri warrior stands before the obelisk.
- However, the unveiling of the obelisk was delayed until after World War II on April 24, 1948.
- This is according to a Maōri custom of not holding such ceremonies during wars.
- Under the obelisk is the grave of Sir John Logan Campbell who left £5,000 for the obelisk.
- His grave is a concrete granite slab with a bronze wreath.
- The Stardome Observatory, previously the Auckland Observatory, is located within One Tree Hill Domain.
- The Stardome Observatory contains two telescopes and a planetarium.
- The observatory discovered and named the asteroid known as 19620 Auckland as a minor planet.
One Tree Hill Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about One Tree Hill across 24 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use One Tree Hill worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the One Tree Hill which is a 182-meter volcanic peak in Auckland, New Zealand. The native name of One Tree Hill is Maungakiekie in the Māori Language.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- One Tree Hill Facts
- Surrounding Suburbs
- One Tree Hill Crossword
- History of the Hill
- Tribes and People
- Father of Auckland
- Found On The Hill
- Tree of Truths
- One, Two, Tree
- Tour Auckland
- Drawing The Hill
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Link will appear as One Tree Hill Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, August 7, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.