Download This Sample
This sample is exclusively for KidsKonnect members!
To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup for free (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download!
Sign Me Up
Located at Central America, Panama serves as land bridge between North and South America. It is composed of more than 1,600 islands off its coasts in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Panama is famous for its natural sceneries, diverse flora and fauna, and vibrant culture. The country is also renowned as the site of the Panama Canal which connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
See the fact file below for more information on the Panama or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Panama worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Before the Spanish colonization of Panama, it served as the home of different native American people like the Guayami, Kuna, and Choco.
- In the 1530s, Panama became the stage for the Spanish conquest of the Inca empire.
- During the 19th century, Panama also served as the destination for the transhipment of gold and silver bound to Spain.
- In 1821, Panama declared its independence from Spain, and joined Colonia, Ecuador, and Venezuela in the formation of the Republic of Gran Colombia. The Republic was short-lived and dissolved later on, in 1830.
- However, Panama remained to be part of Colombia.
- Panama broke away from Colombia with the help of the United States in 1903. After that, a treaty was signed which allowed the US to construct a canal, as well as to gain sovereignty over a strip of land on either side of Panama Canal Zone.
- From 1904 to 1914, the US Army Corps of Engineers built the canal.The agreement to transfer the Canal to Panama from the US completely by the end of the century was signed in 1977.
- Authority and responsibility, as well as portions of the Canal Zone were gradually transferred to Panama since the agreement was signed.
- In 1989, with the backing of the United States, Panama’s de facto leader Manuel Noriega Moreno was removed from office. He consolidated power in the country in 1983, following Omar Torrijos death in 1981.
- By the end of 1999, the United States completely relinquished the control over the entire Panama Canal. This marked, for the first time in history, that Panama gained control over its entire territory despite being independent for almost a century. From 2007 to 2016, Panama has undertaken the expansion of the Canal to accommodate larger ships.
- Panama is a narrow isthmus located in between Costa Rica (western part) and Colombia (eastern part). The country is surrounded by the Caribbean Sea (northern part) and the Pacific Ocean (southern part).
- It has a total area of 75,420 sq. km.
- In terms of climate, Panama is a tropical maritime country. It is characterized by a prolonged rainy season from May to January, and a short dry season from January to May.
- Panama is rich in natural resources like copper, mahogany, forests, shrimp, and hydropower. It also exports gold, iron and steel waste, sugar, shrimp, banana, pineapples, and watermelons.
- Just like any tropical country, Panama experiences occasional severe storms.
- Panama has different forest types with high biodiversity. However, fires ravaged these forests primarily due to burning of wood and waste, use of explosives for hunting, and recreation activities.
SOCIETY AND CULTURE
- Panama’s demographic composition is characterized by a steady decline in the birth and death rates. Their population growth is declining at 1.7% based on the data from World Bank in 2017.
- Panama’s culture is mostly influenced by Spanish, North American, African, and American Indian, which is manifested in their cuisine, art, music, and literature. The official language of Panama is Spanish.
- Mostly, Panama’s food is a mixture of Colombian, American, and Caribbean influences. They have rice, beans, and corn as their staple food, as well as seafood, fruits, and vegetables. Panama takes pride at their chicken dishes, arroz con pollo and sancocho.
- The country is also composed of different ethnic groups such as mestizo, Native Americans (i.e. Ngabe, Kuna, Embera, Bugle), African, mulatto, and whites. This is based on the data from CIA World Factbook in 2010.
- People of Panama have experienced issues with access to quality education, clean water, sanitation, and electricity. Also, health issues mostly prevail like incidence of diarrhea mainly caused by insanitation, and malnutrition among the indigenous groups.
- Panama has posted a GDP growth rate of 3.7% in 2018, based on the data from the World Bank.
- The country’s economy relies on the services sector, accounting for 75% of its GDP – including insurance, tourism, free trade, and container ports.
- Economic growth of Panama continued to soar due to high levels of infrastructure development spending. However, public debt grew to $37 billion in 2016 caused by excessive infrastructure expenses.
- Despite investments in social programs, as well as boasting a fast-growing economy, poverty and inequality prevails in Panama. In fact, the indigenous population accounts for a high percentage of the poverty rate. Among the rural communities, they were able to uplift their economic conditions due to the prevalence of rural-urban migration.
- The government of Panama implemented the conditional-cash transfer program to help alleviate poverty among the indigenous people.
POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT
- Panama has presidential representative democratic republic form of government with a multi-party system.
- The President serves as both the head of state and head of government.
- The system of checks and balances is present in the 1972 political constitution of Panama, limiting the powers of the three (3) branches of government: executive, legislative, and judiciary.
- Despite being a democratic country, the Economist Intelligence Group has rated Panama as a “flawed democracy.”
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Panama across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Panama worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Panama which serves as land bridge between North and South America. It is composed of more than 1,600 islands off its coasts in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Panama is famous for its natural sceneries, diverse flora and fauna, and vibrant culture. The country is also renowned as the site of the Panama Canal which connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Panama Facts
- What’s in Panama’s Flag?
- The Canal’s Contributions
- The Panama Canal Locks
- Up Close with Panama’s Leader
- Panama’s Political Parties
- Kuna and Embera
- Scooping Politics in Panama
- Cause and Effect
- Panama’s Literature
- Panama Art
Link/cite this page
If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source.
Link will appear as Panama Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, September 5, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.