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Quebec is a predominantly French-speaking province in eastern Canada with 2 vibrant cities in its south, connected by the Chemin du Roy highway along the Saint Lawrence River. The metropolis Montréal is named after Mt. Royal, the triple-peaked hill at its heart. Dating to 1608, Québec City retains its old colonial core, Place Royale, and historic harbor, Vieux Port, now known for nightlife.
See the fact file below for more information on the Quebec or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Quebec worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
HISTORY OF QUEBEC
- Quebec’s origins date back to the arrival of the Algonquian and Iroquois people nearly 10,000 years ago.
- At the end of glaciation, during the Archaic era (8000-1500 BC), the nomadic peoples of the area experienced population growth and a diversified diet and tools. By the Woodland era (3000 BC-1500 AD) agriculture around the St. Lawrence River valley expanded, and crops such as corn and beans were cultivated.
- Early French exploration began with Jacques Cartier in 1534, who took possession of the land in the name of the King of France.
- Permanent European settlement began in 1608 when Samuel de Champlain established a fort at the site of present-day Quebec City.
- Quebec City, along with Trois-Rivieres, and Montreal, were the three founding cities of New France.
- The French quickly began establishing trading posts in their new land.
- Colonization efforts began to shape up with the establishment of the Sovereign Council in 1663 which turned New France into a province of France, and ended the period of company rule.
- During the 18th century, the Seven Years’ War brought the territory of New France to war with British North America over disputed and undefined boundary lines between the two possessions.
- Under the British Proclamation of 1763, the province of Quebec was formed, and the French were guaranteed their traditional rights and customs.
- The government of Quebec was established with the signing of the Quebec Act of 1774. The act also restored the use of the French civil law for private matters, while utilizing the English common law for public administration.
- When Upper and Lower Canada were created in 1791, the French-speaking population of Lower Canada maintained their French civil law and continued to practice Catholicism.
- By 1837, growing dissent in the French-speaking portion of the province led to a rebellion in Lower Canada, which resulted in the Act of Union in 1840, which merged the two colonial provinces into one.
- Nearly 50 years after Canada became a country, World War I broke out, and the Conscription Crisis led to feelings of dissent, and eventually the Quiet Revolution, a period of dramatic social and political change in Quebec’s economy, religion, and sovereignty movement.
- Today, varying levels of dissent between English and French-speakers in and around Quebec quietly continues.
GEOGRAPHY AND ECONOMY OF QUEBEC
- There are three main geological regions in Quebec – the Canadian Shield, the Appalachians in the south, and the St. Lawrence lowlands that exist between the former two.
- By area, Quebec is the largest of the Canadian provinces, and due to its size, it has varying temperature fluctuations and vegetation.
- There are thousands of lakes and rivers in Quebec, including the St. Lawrence River, which is one of the most important waterways in the country – it also has one of the largest reserves of freshwater, which occupies about 12% of its surface.
- Quebec is a province of extreme temperatures (both hot and cold).
- Several different animals can be found in Quebec, including deer, moose, coyotes, bobcats, beavers, cougars, black bears, polar bears, snowy owls, a variety of Atlantic fish, puffins, and Canadian geese.
- Quebec is also home to more than 100 freshwater fish species.
- There are many areas of vegetation in Quebec, including taiga forests, boreal forests, mixed forests, and deciduous forests.
- The main industries in Quebec are agriculture, energy, mining, forestry, manufacturing, and transportation.
- Quebec’s economy is very advanced and market-based.
- About 1.1 million people living in Quebec work in the field of science and technology.
- Quebec is a leader in the field of aerospace, software, and multimedia.
ECONOMY AND CULTURE OF QUEBEC
- About 60% of the production of the Canadian aerospace industry is from Quebec.
- The Canadian Space Agency was established in Quebec.
- Quebec’s abundance of natural resources makes it a wealthy province in terms of economic reward; the province is one of the top ten areas to do business in mining.
- The province of Quebec has pledged to put more money towards science and technology research and development, as they are key factors in the economic position of Quebec.
- Quebec’s French culture and nationalism comes from strong historic roots with its aboriginal heritage and immigration.
- The jig, quadrille, reel, and line dancing, the use of the fiddle, accordion, jaw harp, and the influence of folk music have all shaped the French musical culture.
- Much of Quebec’s fine art was influenced by Catholicism, as well as its natural landscape.
- Cirque du Soleil (the entertainment company) was established in Quebec in 1984 and blends continuous live music with acrobatic circus performances.
- The Cultural Heritage Fund is a program that aims to conserve and develop Quebec’s heritage, and is funded by the Quebec government.
- Some modern traditional Quebec foods include tourtiere, poutine, and world-famous Montreal-smoked meat (which is similar to pastrami).
- Hockey is a popular sport in Quebec.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Quebec across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Quebec worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Quebec which is a predominantly French-speaking province in eastern Canada with 2 vibrant cities in its south, connected by the Chemin du Roy highway along the Saint Lawrence River. The metropolis Montréal is named after Mt. Royal, the triple-peaked hill at its heart. Dating to 1608, Quebec City retains its old colonial core, Place Royale, and historic harbor, Vieux Port, now known for nightlife.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Historic Quebec
- Quebec Crossword
- Lost in Translation
- Quebec Wordsearch
- Founding Foundations
- The Bloc Quebecois
- Major Battles in the Seven Years’ War
- Opinion Piece
- Quebec Webquest
- What Does it Mean to Me?
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Link will appear as Quebec Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, May 6, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.