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Romania is a Southeastern European republic. Bucharest is the national capital. It borders Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, and Moldova to the east. It is the twelfth-largest country in Europe and the sixth most populous European Union member state.
See the fact file below for more information on the Romania or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Romania worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- In 1944, Romania was invaded by Soviet forces, and in 1948, it became a Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) satellite.
- From 1948 until 1989, the country was under Communist rule. When the Romanian dictator, Nicolae Ceau, was overthrown in 1990, free elections were held.
- The approval of a new constitution on December 8, 1991, creating a democratic republic, had provided promise of political stability.
- Nevertheless, the new administration is beset by severe problems.
- The nation joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 2004, and it became a European Union (EU) member in 2007.
- Romania is the 12th-largest nation in Europe, with a total area of 238,397 square kilometers (92,046 square miles).
- It is the sixth most populous European Union member state, with nearly 20 million inhabitants.
- Its capital and largest city is Bucharest.
- The terrain is a mixture of mountains, hills, and plains. The Carpathian Mountains dominate Romania’s center, with 14 mountain ranges rising above 6,600 feet.
- Natural and semi-natural habitats cover about 47% of the land area of the country. There are approximately 10,000 square kilometers of protected areas in Romania, covering 13 national parks and 3 biosphere reserves (about 5% of the total area).
- The position of Romania in the southeastern part of the European continent gives it a transitional climate between temperate regions and the colder conditions of the continental interior.
- The average annual temperature is about 11°C in the south and about 8°C in the north. However, as noted, the elevation and related factors differ considerably. Extreme temperatures in the Bărăgan area range from approximately 112°F (45°C) to –37°F (–38°C) in the Bra River Depression.
- Around 90% of people in the country are ethnically Romanian. There are also many ethnic Hungarians who mainly reside in Transylvania.
- A small number of Romanian people identify as Roma (Gypsies), and ethnic Germans make up an even smaller population.
- Romanian is the country’s official language, and the Daco-Romanian dialect is officially spoken in many regional varieties by 90% of the population. Smaller percentages speak German, Turkish, Serbian, or some other language.
- Religion was officially regarded as a personal matter under Communist rule, and very few limitations were imposed upon it.
- The main religion of the ethnic Hungarians and Swabian Germans is Roman Catholicism. Protestantism, both Lutheran and Calvinist, is practiced by some ethnic Hungarians and Germans. There is a small Jewish community, and Islam is practiced in the Dobruja and along the Black Sea coast.
- The urban settlements in Romania were located at points of commercial or strategic importance.
- The oldest towns were built on the shores of the Black Sea, and it was only later that urbanization spread to the plains and mountains.
- The Communist regime concentrated on industrial development, with priority being given to the heavy metallurgy, chemical manufacturing, and engineering industries.
- Socialist growth has transformed the economy. The contribution of industry to domestic income grew from 35.2% in 1938 to 68.3% in 1986.
- Agriculture has historically been the cornerstone of the Romanian economy. Over one third of Romania’s land is devoted to agriculture.
- The most significant crops are wheat and corn, followed by barley, rye, and oats.
- On fairly small plots, vegetables and legumes — peas, beans, and lentils — are planted. Peas are the most prevalent crop, and they are mature in time for early harvest.
- A popular vote directly elects the president, who serves a five-year term. He has the authority to declare national emergencies or martial law. Laws are approved by a majority vote in each chamber of the representatives present.
- Romania is divided into 41 judet (counties) and Bucharest Town. For each district, the central government nominates a prefect, who serves as the local representative to the national government. Citizens directly elect the mayors and city councils.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Romania across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Romania worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Romania which is a Southeastern European republic. Bucharest is the national capital. It borders Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, and Moldova to the east. It is the twelfth-largest country in Europe and the sixth most populous European Union member state.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Romania Facts
- History Timeline
- Romania Info
- Flag of Romania
- Jumble Bee
- Tour Map
- Merry Cemetery
- Book Review
- The Inventions
- Oh Disaster!
- Guinness World Record
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Link will appear as Romania Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 15, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
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