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Rome is the capital of Italy located on the western coast of central Italy along the Tevere River. It is known as the Eternal city and serves as a special and most populated comune of Italy. It houses a great number of historic places and is a place visited for its rich culture and exquisite beauty.
See the fact file below for more information on the Rome or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Rome worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
BRIEF HISTORICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL BACKGROUND
- Rome has a total area of 496.3 sq mi (1,285 km2.) It is 4,336 m (14,453 ft) above sea level and has a total population of 2.8 million.
- It is located in central Italy’s Lazio region and has more than 280 fountains and 900 churches.
- Rome has a dry summer climate and mild, wet winters.
- Rome’s average annual temperature at night is 10°C and 20°C during the day.
- Rome was founded in 753 BC by Romulus and Remus.
- The people of Rome are called Romans and their official language is Italian.
- Rome took the title from Florence as the capital city of unified Italy in 1870.
- Rome houses the largest university in Europe and the second-largest university in the world.
- In Ancient Rome, only Roman men were allowed to wear togas.
- Rome is known as the “Eternal City” and “Caput Mundi,” meaning the capital of the world.
- The mascot of Rome is a she-wolf whom they consider as the carer of the legendary founders of Rome – Romulus and Remus.
- The symbol SPQR is seen all around the city. SPQR stands for “Senatus Populusque Romanus” which means “The senate and the people of Rome.”
- The very first shopping mall in Rome was built between 107 and 110 AD by Emperor Trajan.
- The Roman Colosseum was built in 70-80 AD by Emperor Vespasian.
- Romans invented concrete. They were the very first people to use it.
- Geographically speaking, Rome stands on seven hills:
- Aventine Hill
- Caelian Hill
- Capitoline Hill
- Esquiline Hill
- Palatine Hill
- Quirinal Hill
- Viminal Hill
- Colosseum – It was the largest amphitheater in the Roman Empire and is Ancient Rome’s greatest architectural legacy.
- Roman Forum – It was once the religious and political heart of the empire and is the place where Caesar was cremated.
- Pantheon – It was originally dedicated to the Pagan gods of Rome and became a church in the 7th century. It is also known as the largest unsupported dome in the world.
- The Vatican – It is known as the smallest independent country within the city which is the center of Catholicism. It also serves as the temporal seat of the Pope.
- Spanish Steps – It is a beautiful staircase in the heart of the city’s cultural center which was the result of a petty rivalry between the French and Spanish.
- Fontana di Trevi – It is believed that tossing a coin into the fountain over your left shoulder with your right hand ensures your return to the eternal city.
- Trastevere – It houses the most beautiful buildings in Rome, including century-old mansions and churches.
- Rome is a center for banking, electronics, and aerospace industries.
- The two main industries in Rome are tourism and government.
- Rome has over 30 million visitors each year, making it the third most visited country in Europe.
- Government workers work for shorter hours. Standard office hours are 0900-1700, with an hour-long lunch break.
- Rome is the world’s 4th most important center for fashion and is recognized as a fashion capital.
- Many luxury brands, such as Bulgari, Fendi, Chanel, Prada, and Armani were founded or headquartered in this city.
- Rome house’s Europe’s largest television and film production facility, the Cinecittà Studios. Its total land area is 99 acres.
- It is also in Rome where the UniCredit Group, an important giant company in the field of banking and finance, is located.
- Rome hosts three of the world’s 100 largest companies (Enel, ENI, and Telecom Italia) headquarters.
- Rome has a two-line metro system called the Metropolitana, the building of which started in the 1930s.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Rome across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Rome worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Rome which is the capital of Italy located on the western coast of central Italy along the Tevere River. It is known as the Eternal city and serves as a special and most populated comune of Italy. It houses a great number of historic places and is a place visited for its rich culture and exquisite beauty.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Rome Facts
- All About Rome
- Mix It Up!
- Timeline Review
- For Me…
- Can you Name It?
- Remember It?
- Complete Me!
- Let’s Go On a Trip
- The Artist In You
- What did You Say?
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Link will appear as Rome Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, September 19, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.