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San Francisco is a city located in Northern California. It is the 13th most populous city in the US. It is also called by its initials SF as well as San Fran, Frisco, The City by the Bay, The Golden City, and Fog City.
See the fact file below for more information on the San Francisco or alternatively, you can download our 26-page San Francisco worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Size: 46.89 square miles
- Population: Approximately 900,000
- Became a City: April 15, 1850
- Time Zone: Pacific time zone
- City Flower: Dahlia
- San Francisco is a city on the West Coast bordered by the Pacific Ocean and the San Francisco Bay.
- It is a city set on more than 50 hills.
- Twin Peaks, Telegraph Hill, and Russian Hill are some of the widely known hills.
- Islands are part of the city too, such as Alcatraz Island (the famous prison) and Angel Island.
- San Francisco experiences hot and dry summers, and wet, cold winters, influenced by its proximity to the Pacific Ocean.
- The Ohlone people were the first known residents in the area of San Francisco.
- The Presidio of San Francisco was established in 1776 by the Spanish.
- It was first named Yerba Buena (Spanish for “good herb”) because of the abundance of wild mint in the region.
- San Francisco was part of Mexico from 1821 until the end of the Mexican-American War in 1848.
- In 1847, the first mayor renamed the town to San Francisco, after St. Francis of Assisi.
- There were 469 residents in SF before the Gold Rush.
- The California Gold Rush happened in 1848 when James Marshall discovered gold at Sutter’s Mill which resulted in a rapid growth in the town’s population from 469 to 35,000.
- In 1906, a 7.9-magnitude earthquake caused an enormous fire that destroyed about three quarters of the city.
- The Panama-Pacific International Exposition in 1915 was a nine-month event to rebuild the city after the 1906 earthquake.
- In 1929, the stock market crashed, but all banks in San Francisco continued to thrive.
- The Golden Gate Bridge and the Oakland Bridge were built during the Great Depression.
- From the 1990s to the 2000s, the dot-com bubble and the social media boom were pivotal points of the flourishing internet industry in SF.
Famous Landmarks and Buildings
- San Francisco is particularly known for the Golden Gate Bridge, cable cars, Victorian homes, historic buildings, and culturally diverse residents.
- First opened in 1937, the Golden Gate Bridge is now one of the seven wonders of the modern world.
- There are many impressive skyscrapers in SF, and include the Transamerica Pyramid, the Salesforce tower, and the Millenium tower.
- John C. Fremont gave the name Chrysopylae (Golden Gate) to the San Francisco Bay’s entrance because it looked like the Golden Horn in Istanbul.
- Golden Gate Park is one of the world’s biggest urban parks. It is home to plenty of museums, sport facilities, and gardens.
- Crooked and steep streets are not unusual in hilly San Francisco.
- Lombard Street is arguably the most popular steep street. Tourists love going to Lombard Street.
- Filbert Street, not Lombard Street, is the steepest street at 31.5 degrees.
- Vermont Avenue is the most crooked street.
- The city’s cable cars are the only moving National Historic Monument. They run at 9 miles per hour.
- Built in 1971, Mission Dolores, or Mission San Francisco de Asis, is the oldest building in SF.
- Fisherman’s Wharf is a busy tourist spot on the northern waterfront where Pier 39 and Ghirardelli Square is located among other more touristy locations.
- Pier 39 offers picture-perfect views of the bridge, the city skyline, and Angel Island.
- Ghirardelli’s first chocolate factory is one of the few business buildings that survived the 1906 fire.
- Other tourist attractions in SF are: the Presidio, the Palace of Fine Arts, Cable Car Museum, California Academy of Sciences, the de Young Museum, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, and AT&T Park.
- The Palace of Fine Arts was built for the Panama-Pacific Exposition in 1915 to display works of art.
- The repainted Victorian and Edwardian houses in SF are called “Painted Ladies”.
- If you want to have a good view of the “Painted Ladies”, head to Alamo Square.
- Union Square is the place to be if you want to shop. It is one of the country’s best shopping areas. The only Frank Lloyd Wright Building in SF is located here too.
- The museum Palace of the Legion of Honor is a replica of Paris’ Palais de la Légion d’Honneur.
- Angel Island is sometimes called the Ellis Island of the West because it was once where the Chinese and Japanese immigrants stayed while awaiting entry into SF.
- San Francisco’s Chinatown is the oldest in the US and the second largest outside of Asia.
- Alcatraz Island was a lighthouse base that became a military fort that became a prison.
- In sports, AT&T Park is home to the San Francisco Giants, San Francisco’s major league baseball team.
- The Golden Gate Bridge was originally planned to be black and yellow as per the U.S. Navy’s choice, but the architect preferred its existing shade which is officially called “International Orange”.
- Abandoned ships from the Gold Rush were torn apart and built into houses and other buildings.
- An “ugly law” was passed in 1897 which states that frightful- or awful-looking people can’t reveal their faces in public. That law has since been revoked.
- In 1900, a bubonic plague broke out in San Francisco’s Chinatown which was the first in the country.
- In 1901, burials were made illegal in the city.
- Most of the dead are buried in the nearby town of Colma.
- The only two cemeteries in SF are the National Cemetery in Presidio and behind the Mission Dolores, but no one is allowed to bury there.
- In 1945, the United Nations Charter was drafted and ratified in San Francisco.
- Clint Eastwood, Bruce Lee, and Alicia Silverstone are some of actors that were born in SF. Singer-songwriter Jerry Garcia was born there too.
- The band Journey formed in San Francisco in 1973.
- In 1859, SF local Joshua Abraham Norton proclaimed himself the Emperor of the United States.
- Gold Rush miners inspired Levi Strauss to invent denim pants and so he made Levi’s.
- Makoto Higawara, a Japanese resident in SF, actually invented the Chinese fortune cookie at the Golden Gate Park Japanese Tea Garden.
- The Beatles performed their last full concert at Candlestick Park on August 29, 1966.
- Elected in 1978, Harvey Milk was the first openly gay elected official in California. He served in San Francisco for eleven months.
San Francisco Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about San Francisco across 26 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use San Francisco worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the San Francisco which is a city located in Northern California. It is the 13th most populous city in the US. It is also called by its initials SF as well as San Fran, Frisco, The City by the Bay, The Golden City, and Fog City.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- San Francisco Facts
- All About San Francisco
- The Story of San Francisco
- Notable Events
- San Fran or San False
- Weird Laws
- Famous People Crossword
- Spot the Tourist Spot
- Favorite Fun Facts
- Golden Gallery
- A Tour By The Bay
Link/cite this page
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Link will appear as San Francisco Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, October 29, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.