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Officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), Saudi Arabia is the largest sovereign state in the Middle East. Saudi Arabia makes up most of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. Saudi Arabia is the second-largest country in the Arab kingdom; the fifth largest in Asia, and the 12th largest in the world.
See the fact file below for more information on the Saudi Arabia or alternatively, you can download our 25-page Saudi Arabia worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The capital of Saudi Arabia is Riyadh.
- Riyadh is the largest city in Saudi Arabia.
- To find Riyadh on a map, look at the eastern part of the Najd plateau.
- It has an elevation of 600 meters above sea level.
- Saudi Arabia’s official language is Arabic, as it is the only spoken language in the country.
- The Arabic language first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.
- It is now the lingua franca (a primary language that is taught and spoken by people of two or more different places) of the Arab world.
- The people living in Saudi Arabia are Saudi Arabians.
- Saudi Arabians or Saudis (informal) are composed of several regional ethnic groups (a group of people who identify with each other) native to the Arabian Peninsula including Hejazis, Najdis, Hassawis, Southern Arabs and others who share a common general Saudi culture and a Saudi nationality.
- Saudi Arabia is a state in which the government type is called an absolute monarchy, with the king as its head of state.
- An absolute monarchy is a type of monarchy in which the head of state or the king possesses absolute power, unlike other monarchies in which the king is only a symbol.
- The current king of Saudi Arabia is Salman bin Abdulaziz Saud, who has been in power since January 23, 2015.
- The king of Saudi Arabia is also the Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia, and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques: one in Mecca and one in Medina.
- To the north of Saudi Arabia is Jordan and Iraq.
- To the northeast is Kuwait.
- To the east, is Bahrain, Qatar, and United Arab Emirates.
- To the southeast, there lies Oman.
- To the south, Yemen borders Saudi Arabia.
- Saudi Arabia is almost a part of Egypt and Israel, but it is separated from neighboring countries by the Gulf of Aqaba.
- Gulf of Aqaba or Gulf of Eilat is a vast gulf at the northern end of the Red Sea, east of the Sinai Peninsula and west of the Arabian mainland.
- Saudi Arabia is the only nation having both the coast of the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf.
- The Persian Gulf is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.
- Through the Strait of Hormuz, the Persian Gulf extends from the Indian Ocean.
- At the beginning of the 7th Century, the majority of Saudi Arabia’s land was inhabited by nomadic tribes, tribes of people with no permanent home or territory.
- In 570 AD, Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, was born in Mecca, and in the 7th Century, he united many of the tribes in Saudi Arabia.
- Muhammad died in 632. After his death, his followers began to expand the area of the Muslim Rule beyond Arabia.
- The Ottoman Empire gained a prominent power in the area in the 16th Century, taking control of the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea coasts.
- In the 18th Century, the House of Saud came to emerge as a great power.
- Muhammad bin Saud was the founder of the Saud Dynasty, and it ruled until the Ottomans regained control in 1818. Al Rashid was another family that came to power in the late 1800s.
- After the Ottoman Empire was defeated in World War I, Saudi Arabia became an independent nation. Abdul-Aziz bin Saud regained power for the House of Saud.
- In 1932, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was formed, and Abdul-Aziz was its king.
- On March 3, 1938, Petroleum was discovered in Saudi Arabia and followed up by several other finds in the Eastern Province.
- Since then, Saudi Arabia has become the world’s second-largest oil producer and the world’s largest oil exporter.
- Saudi Arabia takes control of the world’s second-largest oil reserves and the sixth-largest gas reserves.
- Because of the kingdom’s oil business, it has been categorized as a World Bank high-income economy with a high Human Development Index.
- Saudi Arabia is the only Arab country that is a part of the G20 Major Economies.
- G20 stands for the Group of Twenty economies composed of governments and central bank governors from the European Union plus 19 other countries.
- The largest mosque in the world is found in Saudi Arabia: Al Masjid Al Haram.
- In 622 AD, the Prophet built the Prophet’s Mosque, which can hold over a million people.
- In Hejaz, you can visit the Wahba Crater, a crater in the middle of a desert.
- If you want to follow the footsteps of British explorer Wilfred Thesiger, it is time to explore the vast desert called Empty Quarter!
- Fascinating rock carvings called petroglyphs can be seen in the site called Jubbah Rock Carvings, going way back to 5500 BC.
- The Masmak Fortress was established around 1865 and remains an impressive representation of an empire.
Saudi Arabia Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Saudi Arabia across 25 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Saudi Arabia worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Saudi Arabia which is the largest sovereign state in the Middle East. Saudi Arabia makes up most of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. Saudi Arabia is the second-largest country in the Arab kingdom; the fifth largest in Asia, and the 12th largest in the world.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Saudi Arabia Facts
- Fact Chart
- Cities of Saudi Arabia
- Map Sketch
- Saudi Sequence
- About the Arabs
- Best Tourist Spots
- Fact or Fake
- Flags of the Middle East
- Symbol Arabia
- My Speech About Saudi
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Link will appear as Saudi Arabia Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, August 12, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.