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Seoul (pronounced like soul) is the capital city of South Korea, and officially known as Seoul Special City. As the largest metropolis of South Korea, Seoul is surrounded by the Incheon metropolis and Gyeonggi Province. Seoul is the centre; the heart of Seoul Capital Area.
See the fact file below for more information on the Seoul or alternatively, you can download our 24-page Seoul worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Seoul Capital Area is the region in which Seoul is located.
- Seoul is strategically located along the Han River, because it is the center of transportation.
- The Bukhan Mountain, located in the northern edge of the city, was one of the mountainous and hilly landscapes surrounding it.
- Seoul has 25 districts.
- Seoul’s government type has a Mayor-Council set-up.
- Seoul’s current mayor is Park Won-Soon.
- The two bodies of government comprising Seoul are the Seoul Metropolitan Government and the Seoul Metropolitan Council.
- Seoul’s Special City has an area of 233.67 square miles, with an elevation of 125 feet.
- As of 2018, Seoul’s Special City has a population of 9,838,892.
- Seoul’s Metro has a population of 25,600,000.
- People living in Seoul are called Seoul-simin, or Seoulite.
- A prominent dialect spoken in Seoul is the Gyeonggi dialect.
- Seoul’s city bird is the Korean magpie.
- Seoul’s city color is “Seoul Red.”
- Seoul’s city flower is Forsythia.
- Seoul’s mascot is Haechi.
- Seoul’s city tree is Gingko.
- Seoul is over 2,000 years old.
- The city was founded in 18 BCE by the people of Baekje, being part of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
- Under the Joseon dynasty which began in 1394, Seoul was designated to be the capital city of Korea.
- At the time, Seoul was known as Hanseong which means ‘fortress city of the Han river.’
- The city developed from being completely surrounded by a circular wall, which served to secure its people, to being wall-free.
- Seoul opened itself to modernization in the late 19th century.
- Because of trade and relations with Western countries such as the United States and France, it became the first East Asian city to have electricity, water, phone lines, and trolley cars.
- The Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty of 1910 made Seoul as the colonial capital, which was then named Keijo which means ‘capital city.’
- After the Second World War, the city went back to its name Seoul.
- When the country became a republic, Seoul was adopted as its capital.
WORLD HERITAGE SITES
- The Seoul Capital Area features five UNESCO World Heritage Sites:
- Changdeok Palace is a palace set within a large park in Jongno-gu, Seoul, which is one of the “Five Grand Palaces” built by the kings of the Joseon Dynasty.
- Hwaseong Fortress, also known as Suwon Hwaseong, is a fortress built from 1794 to 1796 by King Jeongjo of the Joseon dynasty to honor his father’s remains – Prince Sado.
- Jongmyo Shrine is a Confucian shrine dedicated to the the deceased kings and queens of the Joseon Dynasty from 1392 to 1897, and is the oldest royal Confucian shrine preserved, according to UNESCO.
- Namhansanseong is a mountain fortress city southeast of Seoul, which was once an emergency capital city for the Joseon dynasty. It sits approximately 480 meters above sea level.
- The Royal Tombs of the Joseon dynasty houses the 40 tombs of members of the Joseon dynasty.
- Seoul has become the major site of modern architectural landmarks in South Korea.
- These modern landmarks are:
- The N Seoul Tower is an observation and communication tower on Namsan Mountain in central Seoul.
- The 63 SQUARE is a tall gold-clad skyscraper on Yeouido island overlooking the Han River in Seoul. When it opened in July 1985, it was the tallest building outside North America.
- The Lotte World Tower is a 1,821 feet skyscraper with 123 floors. It opened to the public on April 11, 2017 and is currently the tallest building in South Korea, and sixth tallest in the world.
- The Dongdaemun Design Plaza is a major landmark popular for its neo-futuristic design, making it the centerpiece of South Korea’s fashion hub and a popular tourist destination.
- Lotte World is a major recreation complex in Seoul which contains the largest indoor theme park, and has an outdoor amusement park called “Magic Island.”
- The Trade Tower located in Gangnam district, is a 54-floor tower built in 1988.
- Officially launched in 2005, the International Finance Center Seoul (IFC Seoul) is a mixed-use integrated commercial development, considered as one of the first large-scale developments in Korea led by an international alliance.
- Seoul is where the music genre K-Pop and the internationally known pop culture of Korean Wave originated.
- In 2014, 10 million international visitors came to Seoul, making it the world’s 9th most visited city, and the 4th largest contributor in tourism.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Seoul across 24 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Seoul worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Seoul (pronounced like soul) which is the capital city of South Korea, and officially known as Seoul Special City. As the largest metropolis of South Korea, Seoul is surrounded by the Incheon metropolis and Gyeonggi Province. Seoul is the centre; the heart of Seoul Capital Area.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Seoul, South Korea Facts
- Brief History
- Fill In The Gaps
- Identifying Landmarks
- Learning Korean
- Heritage Site Map
- Songs From Seoul
- Famous Seoulites
- Cities In South Korea
- The Seoul Scene
- Seoul Searching
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Link will appear as Seoul Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, August 4, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.