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Shanghai, also known as the “Oriental Paris,” is one of the municipalities under the People’s Republic of China. It is the largest, and traditionally the most developed, metropolis in Mainland China.
See the fact file below for more information on the Shanghai or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Shanghai worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The city is just like a province, and reports directly to the central government.
- It is located on the east China coast just to the south of the mouth of the Yangtze River. Shanghai was split into two by the Huangpu River.
- Puxi is on the west side of the river, the oldest central part of the city.
- Pudong is on the east area, where the mass of new, high-rise developments are found across the river.
- It is the most populous city in China, and has a total population of 24,237,800.
- 99.53% are Han nationalities and the rest are from Hui, Man, Mongolian, and Zhuang nationalities.
- Shanghai is the most attractive Mainland China city for expats with an estimated number of 174,000.
- Shanghai’s language is Mandarin.
- Its native locals are called Shanghainese.
- It is divided into 16 districts and 3 counties.
- With 16 districts, it is divided into 4 parts. Central Areas: Huangpu, Jing’an, Xuhui, Changning, Yangpu, Hongkou, Putuo; Semi-Urban & Suburb: Pudong New Area; Suburban Areas: Minghang, Baoshan, and Jiading and lastly Remote Suburbs: Songjiang, Jinshan, Qingpu, Fengxian and Chongming.
- Shanghai’s city flower is the White Magnolia.
- The name Shanghai is derived from Chinese words meaning ‘above,’ and ‘sea.’ It is believed to be literally on the sea.
- Shanghai’s alternative name was ‘Shen’ or ‘Shen City’ from Lord Chusen, a prime minister from the State of Chu.
- Huating is another early name of Shanghai in AD 751.
- The city also has various nicknames in English, including “Pearl of the Orient” and “Paris of the East.”
- From Qin Dynasty (221- 207 BC) to Han Dynasty, the former Shanghai slowly developed as a fishing village.
- Later in Jin Dynasty (265 – 420 AD) up to Sui and Tang dynasties (581-907 AD) became the thriving port in China and other country.
- In the early Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD), Shanghai Town was established and becoming one of the seven Bureaus for foreign shipping.
- By the end of The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD), early Qing Dynasty (1644-1911 AD), and by 1840 during the First Opium War, Shanghai became the trading center in Southern China.
- In 1842, this was the start of the Foreign Concessions.
- In 1927, Shanghai became a municipality.
- In the 1930s, Shanghai became the ‘Paris of the East.’ As a metropolis it became the symbol of economic and cultural prosperity.
- World War II (1930s-1940s) – Shanghai became a shelter for Jewish refugees.
- By 1949, the economy began to recover from the war.
- From 1978 to the present China’s reforming.
ECONOMY AND CULTURE
- Shanghai is the global financial center, ranking 5th in the 2018 edition of the Global Financial Centers Index.
- The city is the 3rd most competitive in Asia.
- Tourism in general has become a major industry. In 2016, 296 million domestic tourists and 8.54 million overseas tourists visited Shanghai.
- Shanghai serves as the largest base of Chinese industrial technology and one of the most important seaports in the world.
- Shanghai’s metro system is the longest in the world, made up of 548 kilometers of track.
- It is hailed as the shopping paradise, from high-end international brands to cheap local products.
- Wuyue culture dominated Shanghai, but the influx of Western influences since the 20th century has generated a unique “East Meets West” Haipai culture.
- Hai Pai culture means “The Ocean absorbs the flows of hundreds of rivers.”
- The cities’ old residential buildings are called ‘Shikumen’, literally ‘stone doors.’
LANDMARKS AND ATTRACTIONS
- The Bund – it refers to the buildings on this section of the road. It is also known as “the exotic building clusters of Shanghai,” and is one of the most popular attractions in Shanghai.
- The Shanghai Tower – it is the 2nd tallest skyscraper of the world with the highest a 2,073 feet tall tower with 128 stories.
- Shanghai World Financial Center – It’s the 3rd tallest building in the world and comprises 101 floors above ground and 3 floors underground the building.
- Shanghai Jinmao Tower – it was once the tallest skyscraper of mainland China with the total height of 420 metres. Jinmao tower takes a part in forming the most picturesque skyline of Shanghai.
- Oriental Pearl TV Tower – the most popular tourist attraction of the city and has become a symbol of excellence in architecture.
- Yuyuan Garden or Yu Garden – the only fully restored classical Chinese garden in the city and it is located in Huangpu District.
- Huangpu River – commonly called the “Mother river.” Cruising in the river by night is best where you can see on the east side modern skyscrapers and on the west side the splendid exotic building cluster.
- Shanghai Disneyland – This is the first Disneyland Park on China’s mainland, with the largest Disney castle, the first pirate theme park, and the longest Disney parade route.
- Nanjing Road – a place where tourists go shoppin. Along with the famous shopping malls, authentic local restaurants can be found.
- Tasting local snacks in the streets near the Old City God Temple area is a great and cheap thing to do in Shanghai where you can taste nearly all kinds of local snacks.
- Tianzifang – a must see place little known to Shanghai old timers, from legacy residential architectures and factories to an artsy area housing bars, cafes, crafts shops, design studios, galleries, and boutiques.
- Zhujiajiao Water Town – also known as water village, later on it was endowed with another elegant name ‘Pearl Stream’ and is one of the best preserved among the four ancient towns in Shanghai.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Shanghai across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Shanghai worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Shanghai, also known as the “Oriental Paris,” which is one of the municipalities under the People’s Republic of China. It is the largest, and traditionally the most developed, metropolis in Mainland China.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Shanghai, China Facts
- History Timeline
- Fill in the Trivia
- Know More Shanghai!
- Districts of Shanghai
- Identifying Landmarks
- More About Shanghai
- Beautiful Shanghai
- Picture Narrative
- Visit Shanghai
- Loving the Paris of the East
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Link will appear as Shanghai Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, October 30, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.