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Sharm El Sheikh, also spelled Sharm al-Shaykh, is an Egyptian resort town between the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula, in South Sinai Governorate, on the coastal strip along the Red Sea. Sharm El Sheikh is located in Janūb Sīnā, Egypt, where the area was occupied from 1967 to 1982 by the Israelis, who began building the town as a tourist destination. Its development as such continued after being returned to Egypt.
See the fact file below for more information on the Sharm El Sheikh or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Sharm El Sheikh worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Sharm El Sheikh is the administrative hub of Egypt’s South Sinai Governorate, which includes the smaller coastal towns of Dahab and Nuweiba as well as the mountainous interior, St. Catherine and Mount Sinai.
- The city and holiday resort is a significant center for tourism in Egypt, while also attracting many international conferences and diplomatic meetings.
- Sharm El Sheikh, which means “Bay of the Sheikh,” is also known as the “City of Peace” in Egyptian Arabic “Madinet Es-Salaam,” referring to the large number of international peace conferences that have been held there.
- During Ottoman rule, it was known as Şarm-üş Şeyh.
- And between 1967 and 1982 under Israeli sovereignty it was known as Ofira.
- Among Egyptians and many visitors, the name of the city is commonly shortened to “Sharm,” which is its common name in the Egyptian slang. The name is also sometimes written as Sharm el-Cheikh, Sharm el-Sheik in English.
- Sharm el Sheikh is of great strategic importance geographically and like many great territories it has had its ownership changed many times. That is, until 1982, when it was for the final time restored to Egypt.
- During the Suez Crisis of 1956, the city was occupied by Israel and restored to Egypt in 1957. A United Nations peacekeeping force was subsequently stationed there until the 1967 Six-Day War when it was recaptured by Israel. Sharm El Sheikh stayed under Israeli control until the Sinai peninsula was given to Egypt in 1982 after the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty of 1979.
- Before 1967, Sharm El Sheikh was little more than an occasional base of operations for local fishermen; the nearest permanent settlement was in Nabk, north of Ras El Nasrani (“The Tiran Straits”).
- Commercial development of the area began when the Israelis built the town of Ofira, and opened the first tourist-oriented establishments in the area 6 km north at Naama Bay.
- Included here are a marina hotel on the southern side of the bay, a nature field school on the northern side, diving clubs, a now well-known promenade, and the Naama Bay Hotel.The site off the shore gun emplacements at Ras Nasrani opposite Tiran Island is now a diving area.
- After Sinai was restored to Egypt in 1982, the Egyptian government commenced on an initiative to encourage the continued development of the city that is now an international tourist destination.
- In 2005, the resort was hit by the Sharm El Sheikh terrorist attacks, which were perpetrated by an extremist Islamist organization targeting Egypt’s tourist industry. Eighty-eight people were killed, the majority of them Egyptians, and over 200 were wounded by the attack, making it the second deadliest terrorist attack in the country’s history.
- The deadliest terrorist attack took place in Sinai when Militants detonated a bomb inside a crowded mosque in the Sinai Peninsula on Friday and then sprayed gunfire on panicked worshipers as they fled, killing at least 305 people and wounding at least 128 others. The third deadliest was the Luxor massacre of 1997.
- The city experiences a subtropical arid climate, classified by the Köppen-Geiger system as hot desert.Temperatures are just short of a tropical climate.
- Typical temperatures range from 18 to 23 °C (64 to 73 °F) in January and 33 to 37 °C (91 to 99 °F) in August. Marsa Alam, Kosseir, and Sharm El Sheikh have the warmest winter night temperatures of cities and resorts in Egypt.
ECONOMY AND TOURISM
- Sharm El Sheikh was formerly a port. The civilian port development started in the mid-1980s, when the Sharem-al-Maya Bay became the city’s main yacht and service port.
- Sharm El Sheikh’s major industry is foreign and domestic tourism, owing to its dramatic landscape, year-round dry climate with long hot summers and warm winters as well as long stretches of natural beaches. Its waters are clear and calm for most of the year and have become popular for various watersports, particularly recreational scuba diving and snorkeling. There is great scope for scientific tourism with diversity in marine life species; 250 different coral reefs and 1000 species of fish.
- Sharm is also the home of a congress center, located along Peace Road, where many international political and economic meetings have been held, including peace conferences, ministerial meetings, world bank meetings, and Arab League meetings.
Sharm El Sheikh Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Sharm El Sheikh across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Sharm El Sheikh worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Sharm El Sheikh, also spelled Sharm al-Shaykh, which is an Egyptian resort town between the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula, in South Sinai Governorate, on the coastal strip along the Red Sea. Sharm El Sheikh is located in Janūb Sīnā, Egypt, where the area was occupied from 1967 to 1982 by the Israelis, who began building the town as a tourist destination. Its development as such continued after being returned to Egypt.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Sharm El-Sheikh Facts
- Significant Events
- Sharm Info
- Recreational Activities
- City of Peace
- Sharm Tourist Spots
- Sharm Breaking News
- Crossword Time
- Peace Conference
- Attracting Tourist
- Acrostic Sharm
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Link will appear as Sharm El Sheikh Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, February 5, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.