South Africa Facts

South Africa Facts

Capital
Pretoria (administrative capital)

Population
44,187,637
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)

Area
total: 1,219,912 sq km
land: 1,219,912 sq km
water: 0 sq km
slightly less than twice the size of Texas

Government
Republic

Money
Rand (ZAR)

Climate
mostly semiarid;
subtropical along east coast;
sunny days, cool nights

Languages
IsiZulu 23.8%
IsiXhosa 17.6%
Afrikaans 13.3%
Sepedi 9.4%
English 8.2%
Setswana 8.2%
Sesotho 7.9%
Xitsonga 4.4%
other 7.2% (2001 census)