Switzerland Facts

Switzerland Facts

Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a federal parliamentary republic consisting of 26 cantons, with Bern as the seat of the federal authorities, the so-called Bundesstadt. See the fact file below for more information about Switzerland.

Capital
Berne

Population
7,283,274 (July 2001 est.)

Area
41,290 sq km, slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey

Type of Government
Federal Republic

Money
Swiss Franc (CHF)

Climate
Temperate, but varies with altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers

Primary Language
German (official) 63.7%, French (official) 19.2%, Italian (official) 7.6%, Romansch 0.6%, other 8.9%

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