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Table of Contents
The City of Sydney is the local government area covering the Sydney central business district and the surrounding inner city suburbs of the greater metropolitan area of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
See the fact file below for more information on the Sydney or alternatively, you can download our 18-page Sydney worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Sydney is the capital of the state of New South Wales, Australia.
- Located on Australia’s southeastern coast, Sydney is the country’s largest city and, with its magnificent harbor and strategic position, it is one of the most important ports in the South Pacific.
- In the early 19th century, when it was still a small convict settlement and the first settlers had barely penetrated the interior, it had already established trade with the Pacific Islands, India, China, South Africa, and the Americas.
- The first sight of Sydney, whether from the sea or the air, is always spectacular. Built on low hills surrounding a huge harbor with innumerable bays and inlets, the city is dominated by the bulk of the Sydney Harbor Bridge.
- Sydney was founded in 1788 when the first fleet arrived in Australia from England.
- On May 13, 1787, a fleet of 11 ships set sail from Portsmouth, England.
- On board were 759 convicts, most of them men, with sailors and marines to guard the prisoners.
- With them, they took seeds, farm implements, livestock such as cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, horses, and chickens, and a 2-year supply of food.
- The first colonists came ashore at Port Jackson on January 26, 1788.
- They were commanded by Captain Arthur Phillip (1738-1814).
- Sydney was named after Thomas Townshend, Lord Sydney (1733-1800). He became British Secretary of State in 1783 and recommended that the British establish a colony in Australia.
- At first, things were difficult for the colonists and food was short, although Phillip sent a ship to South Africa for more provisions which returned in May 1789.
- Food was rationed and the rations were anything but generous.
- However, things gradually improved. A second fleet arrived in Australia in 1790 and a third fleet came in 1791.
- At first, the settlers in Sydney lived in simple wooden huts, but later convicts made bricks for houses. The first church in Sydney opened in 1793.
- The Sydney Opera House is a multi-venue performing arts centre in Sydney Harbor.
- It is one of the 20th century’s most famous and distinctive buildings.
- The Sea Life Sydney Aquarium is a public aquarium that features a large variety of Australian aquatic life, displaying over 700 species comprising over 13,000 individual fish and other sea and water creatures from most of Australia’s water habitats.
- The Sydney Harbor Bridge is a heritage-listed steel through arch bridge across Sydney Harbor that carries rail, vehicular, bicycle, and pedestrian traffic between the Sydney central business district (CBD) and the North Shore.
- The dramatic view of the bridge, the harbor, and the nearby Sydney Opera House is an iconic image of Sydney, and Australia itself.
- The bridge is nicknamed “The Coathanger” because of its arch-based design.
- It may seem odd now, but once upon a time, Sydney didn’t really have a burger scene. Then came Dan Hong’s Lotus cheeseburger, followed by Mary’s and Chur Burger. Not long after, there were countless imitators and even more innovators.
- Now burgers are everywhere: on cafe menus, at the bar in fine diners, and in just about every second food truck that’s ever rolled onto a Sydney street.
- Style-wise, it may look all over the place with wild specials, attention-seeking ingredients and even more ridiculous names, but the basics are classic American.
- Beetroot, eggs, defrosted patties, and sesame buns are relics now; now it’s about milk buns, American cheese, house-ground patties, and special sauce.
- Hurricane’s Grill & Bar at Darling Harbor is always packed, seemingly with tourists. Make sure you book early, or you may have a long wait.
- It is considered one of Sydney’s leading BBQ meat specialists, situated on level 2 of Harborside Shopping Centre.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Sydney across 18 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Sydney worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the City of Sydney which is the local government area covering the Sydney central business district and the surrounding inner city suburbs of the greater metropolitan area of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Sydney Facts
- Fascinating Facts
- Sydney Timeline
- When in Sydney
- What’s News?
- Sydney Scramble
- Famous Foods
- Dream Vacay!
- Travel Guide
- I Have a Dream Too!
- Sydney Brochure
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Link will appear as Sydney Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 5, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.