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Taipei City is the capital city and a special municipality of Taiwan (Republic of China). Located at the northern tip of Taiwan and divided into twelve districts, Taipei is a modern metropolis with a diversified culture and a home to various architectural and cultural landmarks.
See the fact file below for more information on the Taipei or alternatively, you can download our 25-page Taipei worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Taipei got its name from the Wade-Giles romanization T’ai-pe and is , referred to as the “North of Taiwan” in Chinese. For Standard Chinese (Hanyu Pinyin) and Mandarin Chinese (Tongyong Pinyin), Taipei could also be written as Táiběi.
- Established during the early 18th century under the Qing Dynasty by Chinese immigrants from Fujian province, Taipei became an administrative body of the Chinese government in 1875.
- Taipeh-fu, Taipei’s former name, became the provincial capital of Taiwan as soon as the latter was temporarily declared a province of China in 1886 – Fukien Taiwan province.
- In 1894, Taipei was formally proclaimed the provincial capital; it was renamed to Taihoku when the Japanese acquired Taiwan as part of the peace agreement after the first Sino-Japanese war in 1895.
- Under the Japanese administration, advanced urban planning was carried out; thus, the rise of some well-known Taipei landmarks and cultural institutions occurred.
- In 1945, after Japan’s loss in World War II, Taipei was handed back to China. Many lives of local Taiwanese were lost, as the mainlanders started a bloodbath in early 1947.
- On the 7th of December 1949, the Chinese Nationalist Party (Kuomintang) in Taiwan declared Taipei the provincial capital of the Republic of China.
- It was given the administrative status of a province, a special municipality of the Republic of China, on July 1, 1967.
- Taipei City’s population expanded rapidly after 1967. In 1990, its 16 districts were reduced into the present 12. The city’s growth slowed gradually in the 1980s and maintained a stable population in the early 21st century.
GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
- Bounded by the Xindian River on the south and the Tamsui River on the west, Taipei City is in the Taipei Basin in northern Taiwan, with an area of 104.9425 mi² (271.7997 km²), ranking 16th of 25 cities in Taiwan.
- Its terrains are of three types of landforms: Taipei Basin (formed by the fault displacement and erosion activities of the Tamsui River), over-thrust fault ridges, and Datun volcanoes.
- Taipei City has hot summers and mild winters – a subtropical monsoon climate. Due to its location in the Pacific Ocean, it is usually visited by typhoons between June and October. Spring lasts from March to May; summer, June to August; autumn, September to November; and winter, December to February of the succeeding year.
- Taipei City is considered to be Taiwan’s melting pot for business, finance, and technology, as part of the rapid industrialization and economic growth in the late 21st century – the Taiwan Miracle.
- As of 2013, Taipei’s normal Gross Domestic Product per capita ranked fifth highest in East Asia. Home of 30 billionaires, the Financial Times placed it in the second and fourth place, based on economic potential and business friendliness, in 2015. According to Business Insider, Taipei was the fifth most high-tech city worldwide, tops in Asia in 2017.
- It is currently Google’s biggest engineering site in Asia, given that Taipei’s main development fields are information and communications technology.
HIGHLIGHTS AND ATTRACTIONS
- Taipei 101, the world’s 5th tallest building at 1,667 feet (508 meters) with the world’s fastest elevator, is considered to be Taiwan’s most famous architectural landmark. It ranked as the world’s tallest structure from 2004 to 2010, before the Burj Khalifa in Dubai.
- Chiang Kai-Shek Memorial Hall, the blue and white monument in honor of the former dictator, stands at the east end of Memorial Hall Square, which also houses the classical Chinese-style National Theater and National Concert Hall.
- Founded in 1908, Taiwan’s oldest museum, National Taiwan Museum, is home to 700,000 artifacts from the 8,000 years of Chinese history.
- Just 200 meters across from the National Palace Museum is the Shung Ye Museum of Formosan Aborigines, displaying art and other historical items from the indigenous people of Taiwan.
- The Taipei Fine Arts Museum, built in 1983, is the first museum in Taiwan for modern art with over 3,000 collections.
- National Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall, situated near Taipei 101 in Xinyi District, is named after the founding father of the Republic of China. This houses exhibits that depicted revolutionary events in China during the latter part of the Qing Dynasty.
- Known for its many night markets, Taipei features individual stalls selling a mixture of food, clothing, and consumer goods. The Shilin Night Market is the most famous, packed with tourists during the evening.
- Ximending, the first pedestrian zone in Taiwan, is the shopping district in Wanhua, Taipei. It is known for its historic structure which includes a concert hall, an old-fashioned cinema, and the Red House theater.
- Taiwanese temples are incense-filled architectural landmarks for active worship. They house Buddhist, Taoist, and Chinese folk religion deities. Mengjia Longshan Temple tops the list, along with Qingshui Temple, Qingshan Temple, Tianhou Temple, Bao An Temple, Taipei Confucius Temple, Songshan Ciyou Temple, Xingtian Temple, and the Guandu Temple, which features a tunnel through a hill.
- Yangmingshan National Park is iconic for its cherry blossoms, hot springs, and sulfur deposits. Taipei’s cherry blossoms are visible from late January to early March.
- Pingxi Sky Lantern Festival lights up the sky every 14th day of the Lunar New Year.
THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW
- In 1697, Qing dynasty official Yu Yonghe described Taipei as a basin lake formed because of earthquakes, dubbing it as “inaccessible and unvisited.”
- In 2016, Taipei-native Tsai Ing-Wen became the first female President of Taiwan. Another woman who made history is former U.S. Secretary of Labor Elaine Chao, who served President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2009. She was the first Asian-American woman to take a spot in the President’s Cabinet.
- When Beethoven’s “Fur Elise” is played in the streets of Taipei, residents immediately go outside for the garbage truck. Taiwanese citizens are quite disciplined when it comes to proper waste management; they deliver their trash, in government-sanctioned blue bags, five nights a week.
- It is best to visit Taipei City during spring and fall. From March to May, mild, sunny weather is expected; September through November, the weather is less humid and cooler.
- Locals and tourists can enjoy strolling the historic and friendly streets of Taipei because of its bike share program, known as Youbike, with over 200 stations around the city.
- Taipei is a melting pot for cuisine, offering authentic Taiwanese street food. The classic Stinky Tofu is a must try for tourists.
- With just signing up for a free account, the city offers free public access WIFI, with thousands of WIFI hotspots.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Taipei across 25 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Taipei worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Taipei City which is the capital city and a special municipality of Taiwan (Republic of China). Located at the northern tip of Taiwan and divided into twelve districts, Taipei is a modern metropolis with a diversified culture and a home to various architectural and cultural landmarks.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Taipei City Facts
- Back to the Past
- Two Worlds
- Taipei Districts
- Taipei Culture
- Taipei Attractions
- Food Diary
- Tallest Buildings
- Taipei Bucket List
- Light Up the Taipei Sky
- Visit Taipei
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Link will appear as Taipei Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, October 1, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.