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Besakih is known as the Mother Temple of Bali and is the most important temple on the whole of the island. It is more like a complex of temples in one very large compound and it is known and loved for its dramatic location on the southern slopes of Sacred Mount Agung.
See the fact file below for more information on the Temple of Besakih
or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Temple of Besakih
worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The precise origins of the temple were unclear but its importance as a holy site almost certainly dates from prehistoric times. The stone bases of Pura Penataran Agung and several other temples resemble megalithic stepped pyramids, which date back at least 2,000 years.
- It was certainly used as a Hindu place of worship from 1284 when the first Javanese conquerors settled in Bali. By the 15th century, Besakih had become a state temple of the powerful Gelgel dynasty.
LOCATION AND SETTING
- The Besakih Temple is located in the North West of Bali, near Bali’s highest and most important and most spectacular Volcano, Mount Agung.
- The area is at an altitude of about 1,000 metres and is located on the southwestern slopes of Mount Agung.
- It is surrounded by scenic rice paddies, lush forests, and vegetation. The compound is really big so you can easily spend 3 or 4 hours there exploring.
- One will need to walk quite a bit and climb stairs and should have a good guide to explain different symbols, the meaning of the separate temples, their shrines and a lot more.
- Pura Besakih is a complex made up of twenty-three temples that sit on parallel ridges.
- It has stepped terraces and flights of stairs which ascend to a number of courtyards and brick gateways that in turn lead up to the main spire or Meru structure, which is called Pura Penataran Agung.
- All these temples are aligned along a single axis and designed to lead the spiritual person upward and closer to the mountain which is considered sacred.
- The temple has a beautiful view from the top of the temple area where you can see the wide panorama to the ocean.
- The symbolic center of the main sanctuary is the lotus throne, or padmasana, which is the ritual focus of the entire complex. It dates to around the seventeenth century.
- A series of eruptions of Mount Agung in 1963, which killed approximately 1,700 people, also threatened Pura Besakih. The lava flows missed the temple complex by mere meters.
- The saving of the temple is regarded by the Balinese people as miraculous, and a signal from the gods that they wished to demonstrate their power.
- Each year there are at least seventy festivals held at the complex, since almost every shrine celebrates a yearly anniversary. This cycle is based on the 210-day Balinese Pawukon calendar year.
- It had been nominated as a World Heritage Site as early as 1995, but remains unvested.
MORE TO KNOW
- Besakih can therefore become, at times, crowded due to all sorts of guides and vendors.
- It is advisable to hire an official guide who has the knowledge about Besakih.
- Guides in Besakih Temple are locals from the nearby villages and organized through the Banjar. They can be found in front of the entrance wearing their traditional Batik shirts.
- Tourists should wear appropriate attire with a proper top, and a sarong.
- Besakih is an integral part of Balinese Hindu religion and culture. The best time to visit is the early morning, to avoid many groups that come in tour buses.
- Women are not allowed to enter the temple while menstruating. The reason is that no blood, from any source, is allowed to be spilled in a temple. It is not a rule against women, but about flowing blood.
Temple of Besakih Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Temple of Besakih across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Temple of Besakih worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Besakih which is known as the Mother Temple of Bali and is the most important temple on the whole of the island. It is more like a complex of temples in one very large compound and it is known and loved for its dramatic location on the southern slopes of Sacred Mount Agung.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Temple of Besakih in Bali, Indonesia Facts
- History Timeline
- Besakih Facts
- Complete Me
- Matching Temple
- Vocabulary Building
- Five Description
- Besakih Temple
- Check or Cross
- Pin the Pics
- I’m a Newscaster
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Link will appear as Temple of Besakih Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, October 30, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
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