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You may have seen it from a scene in the iconic movie King Kong. It is the building where the gigantic gorilla climbed up to the top. That building is called the Empire State Building. King Kong, in the movie effortlessly climbed the building as if it were a ladder, but take note, the Empire State Building has a total of 103 floors. It is a skyscraper that has a design type that falls under the Art Deco style. The Empire State is located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
See the fact file below for more information on the Empire State Building or alternatively, you can download our 24-page The Empire State Building worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The construction of the Empire State came to completion in 1931.
- The construction of the building was actually quicker than expected as it was finished in only 410 days.
- The designers of the skyscraper were the architectural firm under the name of Shreve, Lamb & Harmon.
- The construction was contracted under the firm Starrett Brothers and Eken.
- The name of the skyscraper, “Empire State,” is also New York City’s nickname from which the skyscraper’s name was derived.
- However, the origins of the nickname is still unknown.
- The building has a roof height of 1,250 feet (381 m) and stands a total of 1,454 feet (443.2 m) tall, including its antenna.
- It took around 3,400 workers to build the Empire State Building. Unfortunately, official records show that five workers died during its construction.
- The Empire State Building was officially opened on May 1, 1931. United State of America’s president at that time was President Herbert Hoover, he opened the building by pushing a button (from Washington, D.C.) that turned the lights on.
- If you are planning to count all the windows on the Empire State Building, you would get really tired as there are 6,514 windows in total.
- If you are planning to climb the stairs to get from street level up to its 103rd floor, you must walk a total of 1,872 steps.
- However, if you get tired of walking, you can access one of the 73 elevators in the building.
- A race is held inside the building each year, where racers need to climb up to the 86th floor, which is a total of 1,576 steps.
- The Empire State Building reigned for 41 years as the Tallest Building in the World, from 1931 until 1972.
- The Empire State Building is a very busy place and it houses so many businesses that it has its own zip code, 10118.
- The observation decks on the 86th and 102nd floors are visited by around 4 million people annually.
- The Empire State Building was hailed the tallest building in New York City, after the collapse of the World Trade Center in 2001.
- In April 2012, the height of the Empire State Building was surpassed by the new One World Trade Center.
- The building’s location was originally a part of Mary and John Murray’s farm on Murray Hill.
- In 1799, John Thompson bought a 20-acre part of the land. He later sold it to Charles Lawton in 1825, and Lawton sold it to John Jacob Astor from the prominent Astor Family.
- William opened the Waldorf Hotel on site on March 13, 1893.
- His cousin opened another hotel adjacent to the Waldorf Hotel, called Astoria Hotel.
- The hotel was later bought by Thomas Coleman du Pont, and was later bought bt Bethlehem Engineering Corporation in 1928.
- The initial plan of Bethlehem Engineering Corporation was to build a 25-storey office building.
- The land was sold again to Empire State Inc., a group of wealthy investors headed by Alfred E. Smith, a former governor of New York.
- Empire State Inc. contracted William F. Lamb to design the building. The early designs were finished in two weeks.
- The plan from 50 storeys later on increased to 60 and then 80.
- During that time, a competition for the world’s tallest building was held.
- As a result, five floors were added to the plan.
- It was revised again in December 1929, where a 16-storey “crown” was added, making it the world’s tallest building.
- The final plan was announced to the public on January 8, 1930.
- The Waldorf-Astoria Hotel was demolished on October 1, 1921.
- A structural steel contract was built on January 12, 1930.
- The excavation started 10 days later and was completed in early March.
- The construction started on March 17, 1930.
- The Empire State Building was structurally completed on April 11, 1931, which was 12 days ahead of its scheduled completion.
The Empire State Building Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Empire State Building across 24 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use The Empire State Building worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Empire State Building which is located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. It is a skyscraper that has a design type that falls under the Art Deco style. You may have seen it from a scene in the iconic movie King Kong. It is the building where the gigantic gorilla climbed up to the top. King Kong, in the movie effortlessly climbed the building as if it were a ladder, but take note, the Empire State Building has a total of 103 floors.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- The Empire State Building Facts
- Junior Tour Guide
- Fast Facts Review
- Greatness In The Making
- Fact or Bluff
- Empire State in Numbers
- Empire State Sketch
- Wonderful Seven!
- World Skyscrapers
- I Love New York
- Around Empire State
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Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.