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Tibet, Tibetan Bod, in full the Tibet Autonomous Region, Chinese Xizang Zizhiqu or Hsi-tsang Tzu-chih-ch’ü, is a historic and autonomous region of China that is often called “the roof of the world.”
See the fact file below for more information on the Tibet or alternatively, you can download our 24-page Tibet worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Beginning in year 602, the Imperial Age, Namri Songtsen united the central Tibetan states and became the first king of Tibet.
- In the years 755–797, King Khri-srong-lde-brtsan marked the peak of Tibetan military success. The following years also witnessed the flourish of Buddhism, making it the country’s state religion.
- Lhasa became the capital and this imperial age lasted until 842 when King Langdarma was assassinated.
- When that kingdom disintegrated, Tibetans continued living as traders and raiders from the 10th to the 13th century.
- Tibetan generals and chieftains established themselves in separate territories while religious men formed small communities and expounded different aspects of buddhism.
- In 1207, Tibetans submitted to Genghis Khan to avert an invasion and establish better relations to Mongolia compared to China.
- By the entry of the Chinese Ming dynasty (1368–1644) the Mongols were evicted and Tibet regained its independence.
- Buddhism was revived and temples were rebuilt. Education and arts flourished.
- From 1400s to 1600s, Tibet remained ruled by religious sects and tribes, most notably the Yellow Hat Sect (Dge-lugs-pa) devoted towards the restoration of strict monastic discipline.
- It then entered into the political arena and foreign affairs. By 1640, the Mongols led by Guushi Khan once again invaded Tibet and defeated the Gtsang king and his Karma-pa supporters.
- The recognition however of the fifth Dalai Lama turned the tides and slowly regained control over Tibet with the help of China’s Manchu Dynasty.
- The sixth Dalai Lama, Tshangs-dbyangs-rgya-mtsho, was deposed and Manchu eventually ruled over Tibet in 1703 and for the next 200 years.
- The next Dalai Lamas until the 13th possessed no authority as that of their predecessors under the Chinese rule.
- By the entry of 1900s, China entered into a secret treaty with the British, recognizing the former’s suzerainty over Tibet. This enabled China to use force against the Tibetans to seek direct control.
- Tibetans resisted for the next 40 years but communist China in 1949 still controlled the country through a guarantee of Tibetan autonomy and religion but also allowed the establishment at Lhasa of Chinese civil and military headquarters.
- The Cultural Revolution (1966 – 1976) was the best known resistance effort made by Tibet, which was repressed by the Chinese government through Military control.
- Until currently, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) claims that Tibet is an integral part of China while the Tibetan government-in-exile maintains that Tibet is an independent state under unlawful occupation.
- Tibet is a landlocked territory and is surrounded by huge mountain ranges including the Himalayas and Kunlun Mountains.
- Despite its location, the Plateau of Tibet is the principal source of rivers including the Indus, Xiangquan, Sutlej River, and others.
- The climate of Tibet is generally dry since it is protected by mountain barriers from monsoons. The snowy areas are seen on mountains at 16,000 to 20,000 feet.
- The main ornamental plants in Tibet are giant cypress, mulberry, picea smithiana, Asiatic long leaved pine, Larix himalaica, and Cyatheaceae.
- The main crops grown are barley, wheat, buckwheat, rye, potatoes, oats, rapeseeds, cotton, and assorted fruits and vegetables.
- Due to limited arable land, livestock raising is the primary occupation on the Tibetan Plateau. Among those raised are sheep, cattle, goats, camels, yaks, donkeys, and horses.
- Undisturbed by aircraft or hunters, Tibet’s 400 species of birds remain undisturbed in the sky.
PEOPLE AND CULTURE
- The population of the region is generally entirely Tibetan, with Han, Hui, Monba, Lhoba, and other minority nationalities.
- Shamanism (Bon) is considered the first known religion in Tibet before the entry of Buddhist teachings mainly from India and China.
- Consultations with both a lama and an astrologer are often involved in order to predict the compatibility of a couple.
- After a wedding, prayer flags are hoisted upon the rooftop of the house on the bride’s side of the family.
GOVERNMENT AND ECONOMY
- Before 1951, the Dalai Lama was the leader of Tibet under a theocratic government.
- Under Chinese occupation and Tibet being claimed as its autonomous region, religion and civil administration powers were separated.
- Modern industries were introduced in the 1950s. Before, traditional farming and basic handicrafts were Tibetans’ source of living.
- However, this late introduction preserved a lot of Tibet’s cultural heritage and trade.
- Today, tourism has become a pillar of the Tibetan economy. It is renowned as a mecca for mountaineering and adventurism, cultural and scientific exploration, and religious pilgrimage.
- Tibet has become the staging area for mountaineering in the northern Himalayas, most specially for expeditions to the North Face of Mount Everest.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Tibet across 24 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Tibet worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Tibet, Tibetan Bod, in full the Tibet Autonomous Region, Chinese Xizang Zizhiqu or Hsi-tsang Tzu-chih-ch’ü, which is a historic and autonomous region of China that is often called “the roof of the world.”
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Basic Tibet
- Tibetan Symbols
- The Surrounding Giants
- Tibet and Asia
- Words of Dalai Lama
- Yushu and the Giants
- Best Sites
- Icons of Tibet
- Tibetan Momo
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Link will appear as Tibet Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, May 3, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.