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Anne of Green Gables is a story of an orphaned girl who was adopted by elderly siblings. Written by Lucy Maud Montgomery in 1905 and published in 1908, the book was an instant hit. It paved the way for several sequels, where we followed Anne’s life into adulthood.
See the fact file below for more information on the Anne of Green Gables or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Anne of Green Gables worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
THE LIFE OF LUCY MAUD MONTGOMERY
- Lucy Maud Montgomery, or L.M. Montgomery as appeared in her books, was the most popular Canadian author of her time.
- She was born on November 30, 1874, at Prince Edward Island, Canada.
- Orphaned by her mother when she was 21 months old, she was left by her father to her mother’s parents care.
- Being an only child, she spent her childhood beside nature, imagining things and writing.
- She eventually attended school and became a teacher when she was 20.
- While on vacation with her father, she wrote her first published poem entitled “On Cape LeForce,” in PEI newspaper “The Patriot.”
- Anne Shirley – an orphan red-haired girl who came to Green Gables and lived with unmarried siblings Matthew and Marilla Cuthbert. She is chatty, fiery, imaginative, a nature lover, and loyal.
- Matthew Cuthbert – timid and kind-hearted brother of Marilla who became a father figure to Anne. He once mused in the book that he is thankful that he was allowed to spoil Anne.
- Marilla Cuthbert – A mother figure to Anne Shirley. She is stern and fixed in her ways, but Anne living with them changed that.
- Rachel Lynde –characterized as someone who will make everything that happened in Avonlea her business. She just genuinely wants what is best for everyone. She is Anne’s nemesis at the start but eventually grew fond of her.
- Diana Barry – Anne’s bosom friend, whom she loved dearly.
- Gilbert Blythe – Anne’s classmate and admirer. He was Anne’s constant rival in Avonlea School and Queens Academy.
- Mr. Philips – Anne’s first teacher at Avonlea. He was strict but unusually strict to Anne. He is the reason why Anne stopped attending school for a while.
- Ms. Stacy – Anne’s second teacher who inspired her to have an ambition. She helped Anne and other Avonlea scholars pass the entrance exams at Queens Academy.
- Ms. Josephine Barry – a rich feisty character whom Anne looked up to. She became one of Anne’s confidantes in the book. She is Diana Barry’s aunt. She often visited her during her time at Queens.
- Anne Shirley, a plain eleven-year-old orphan girl with red hair, who came to Avonlea by mistake.
- Marilla and Matthew Cuthbert took her in after some attempts to bring her back to the orphan asylum
- They raised her to be a “useful little thing” as Marilla said at the beginning. Anne became more than that for them.
- She became friends with Diana, and they were inseparable until Anne had to go to Queens to study.
- She eventually goes to school. She heard some not so lovely comments about being an orphan. Anne did not allow herself to be bothered by them. She became friends with all of the Avonlea scholars later on except for one.
- Gilbert once teased her and called her carrots. She smacked a slate on his head. She held a grudge against him until the end of the book.
- She attended Queens to get a teaching license. She won the Avery Scholarship and was set to get a B.A. at Redmond College.
- Matthew died and Marilla’s eye got worse. Anne had to give up the scholarship to be with Marilla.
- Hearing Anne’s situation, Gilbert kindheartedly gave up his teaching position in Avonlea and took up the Carmody position so that Anne could be with Marilla. It was the start of their beautiful friendship.
THEMES PRESENT IN ANNE OF GREEN GABLES
- Anne’s imagination served as her coping mechanism to survive difficult situations.
- Her imaginary friend Kate Maurice help her cope with living with the Thomas family. She imagined that the girls in the asylum were long-lost heirs of some wealthy man.
- She also made stories in an all-girls story club she and Diana formed as a way to channel her imagination to better use, the way their invented Haunted Wood place in Avonlea did not accomplish.
- One of the crucial things that the book included is that family need not only be blood-related.
- Marilla and Matthew were not looking for it, then Anne came to their life and gave something that they did not know they needed.
- Matthew has someone to spoil as many fathers would to his daughter.
- He bought Anne a dress with puffed sleeves that became one of Anne’s greatest possessions.
- Marilla, on the other hand, had someone to whom she could share her maternal instinct.
- Anne reciprocated their love. Most notable is when Matthew died, and Marilla eye was getting worse, Anne gave up her Avery scholarship and Redmond College to be with Marilla.
- Luckily, Anne lived in a time where there was an equal opportunity for every gender to get an education. But Anne did not realize the value of education until Ms. Stacy came to teach in Avonlea.
- Her admiration for her new teacher ignited Anne’s determination to pursue an education. Her time in Queens made Anne’s world wider.
- She started planning her life and made a new ambition.
- One of them was to win the prestigious Avery scholarship that pays for a B.A. degree in college. Sadly, but not for Anne, this aspiration needed to halt when Matthew died and Marilla’s eyesight got worse.
- Her optimistic view in life provided a happy conclusion in the book even though she did not realize her dream.
- Anne’s vanity was rooted in her love and appreciation of beauty, although it mostly led to a disastrous event.
- Anne would not be Anne if we didn’t mention her hatred for her red hair. She called it her lifelong sorrow and always wished that it could grow auburn.
- She immediately believed a pedlar who sold her a hair dye that would make her red hair a beautiful raven black. It turned out green; they eventually cut her hair off as it would not go back to its original color.
- Everybody wants to have the kind of friendship Anne and Diana have.
They understood, tolerated, and supported each other no matter how different their circumstances are.
- The readers know how deep Anne’s love is for Diana.
- Diana expressed Anne’s importance to her by supporting her with her quest to attend Queens and get a license even though she could not do it herself.
- Diana also rushed to the Green Gables to tell Anne that she topped the Queen’s exam.
- Diana stood by Anne after their disastrous tea party and continuously asked her mother to forgive Anne and let them be friends again.
- There is little to no romance in this first book of the series. Anne is only eleven at the beginning and fifteen at the end. However, there is a not so subtle romantic notion from Gilbert.
- Feeling guilty about the “carrot” incident, and commenting that cleverness is better than being pretty, were some indications of his interest. Anne mostly dismissed it and repeatedly showed her deep remorse against him.
- Even Gilbert saving her from drowning after the disastrous Lancelot and Elaine reenactment did not do it for Anne.
- Gilbert giving up the teaching position in Avonlea for Anne and deciding to take the Carmody teaching position despite the need to board there was an apparent act that Gilbert cares for Anne.
Thankfully, at the time, Anne was mature enough to acknowledge his sacrifice, and their friendship began to flourish from thereon.
- It was also revealed that Gilbert’s father was a former beau of Marilla.
Anne of Green Gables Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Anne of Green Gables across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Anne of Green Gables worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Anne of Green Gables which is a story of an orphaned girl who was adopted by elderly siblings. Written by Lucy Maud Montgomery in 1905 and published in 1908, the book was an instant hit. It paved the way for several sequels, where we followed Anne’s life into adulthood.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Anne of Green Gables Facts
- Kindred Spirits
- Anne’s Dictionary
- Becoming Her Better Self
- Your Own Heroine
- Who Said It?
- Anne Overview
- Anne’s Anecdotes
- Understanding Anne
- Anne’s Inspiring Words
- The Bend in the Road
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Use With Any Curriculum
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