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Table of Contents
The Bible is a collection of sacred scriptures, which was written by over 40 authors from different backgrounds and times. It has two sections, the Old Testament, which is central to the Jewish faith, and the New Testament, as a guide for Christians.
See the fact file below for more information on the Bible or alternatively, you can download our 26-page Bible worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
Etymology and Scriptural Background
- The term ‘bible’ is derived from the Greek word biblia, which means scroll or book. It is believed that the word came from the ancient city of Byblos, which dominantly supplied paper products in ancient times.
- Many believe that the Bible was written over 1,300 years ago in present-day Israel, Palestine, Egypt and other parts of the Roman Empire.
- Over 40 writers including scribes, fishermen, kings, royal officials, musicians, prophets, poets, farmers and others are believed to have contributed to the texts of the Bible.
- Originally, the Bible was written in Hebrew and some parts in Aramaic. Today, it has been translated to over 2,500 spoken and written languages around the world. By far, it is the best-selling book of all time with an estimated 6 billion copies from 1816 until 1992.
The Old Testament
- The Old Testament is the original Hebrew Bible written between 1200 to 165 B.C. and is considered sacred to the Jewish faith.
- The Old Testament covers the first two-thirds of the Christian Bible. It contains five books on religious law including Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. Twelve historical books including Joshua, Judges, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther. Poetic books include Job, Psalms, Ecclesiastes, and the Song of Solomon. While the books of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi are all prophetic books.
- The first eleven chapters of the Book of Genesis contains the story of the creation and God’s early relationship with humanity. The remaining chapters provide accounts of God, Abraham and the people of Israel.
- Aside from the creation story, the Old Testament reveals how God instructed Noah to make an ark and gather every animal in preparation for the great flood.
- When the pharaoh of Egypt refused to free enslaved Israelites, God sent ten plagues that devastated the land and killed the pharaoh’s first born son.
- After the last plague, Moses helped the Israelites flee Egypt by crossing the Red Sea and traveling to Mt. Sinai.
- At Mt. Sinai, God handed the Ten Commandments to Moses, which he presented to the Israelites.
- In the book of 1 Samuel, the prophet Samuel revealed to Saul, King of Israel, that young David would be the next king after defeating the Philistine, Goliath.
- The nation of Israel was divided into two, forming Israel to the north and Judah to the south.
The New Testament
- The New Testament, which is believed to be written by Christians in the first century A.D. contains four Gospels, Acts, 21 Epistles and the Revelation. It is generally divided into two sections: the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, which tell the story of Jesus, and letters or Epistles attributed to the Apostle Paul and other early Christian leaders.
- The Acts contain accounts of the Apostles ministry after the death of Jesus, while the Revelation is a book of apocalyptic prophecy in the tradition of the Old Testament Book of Daniel.
- The Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke are also known as Synoptic Gospels, which share much of the same account while John is markedly different.
- Among the major events written in the New Testament is the birth of Jesus, which is now celebrated by Christians and non-Christians as Christmas Day.
- Jesus began his ministry after being baptized by his second cousin, John the Baptist, at the river Jordan. He gather his disciples, namely Peter, James, John, Andrew, Bartholomew, James the Younger, Judas, Thaddeus, Matthew, Phillip, Simon and Thomas.
- Upon his return to Judea, Jesus was crucified and resurrected on the third day. In Act 9, Paul witnessed the resurrection of Jesus and began to spread his teachings in Damascus and Arabia.
General Details About the Bible
- In total, the Old Testament has 929 chapters and 260 chapters for the New Testament. The longest chapter is found in Psalm 119, and the shortest is Psalm 117, with only two verses. The verse “Jesus wept”, found in John 11:35, is the shortest, while the longest is Esther 8:9.
- Despite its best-selling status, no original writings of the Bible have been found.
- The first English translation of the entire Bible from Latin Vulgate was made by John Wycliffe.
- In 1539, King Henry VIII authorized the printing and recitation of the Great Bible but it was only in 1611 that the King James Bible or the authorized version was completed.
- There are no actual descriptions of Jesus in the Bible.
- Michelangelo’s The Creation of Adam painting became the pinnacle of Renaissance art.
- The Gutenberg Bible was the first book to be printed in Europe using movable metal type.
- Amen is the last word in the Bible.
Famous Biblical Figures and Religious Holidays
- Moses was one of the earliest leaders of Hebrews and probably the most important in Judaism for freeing the Israelites and handing down to them the Ten Commandments. In the book of Exodus, Moses is believed to have talked directly to God.
- David, the young shepherd who killed Goliath, Succeeded Saul as King of Israel. His son with Bathsheba, Solomon, became the last king of the United Monarchy.
- Nebuchadnezzar was a Babylonian king who was responsible for destroying the First Temple in Jerusalem.
- Maccabees is the priestly Jewish family who founded the Hasmonean dynasty and ruled Palestine during the 1st and 2nd centuries B.C.E.
- Herod was the king of Judea who ordered the killing of infants in Bethlehem.
- Pontius Pilate was a Roman Governor of Judea who ordered Jesus’ execution.
- Jesus, or Jesus Christ, is revered as the Messiah or Savior in Christianity. Stories about his life are detailed in the New Testament.
- Paul of Tarsus, also known as Saul, was the one who set the tone for Christianity. He was executed under Emperor Nero.
- There are a few Jewish holidays commemorating events in the Bible including: The Three Weeks, which is the time of mourning over the destruction of the Holy Temple, Rosh Hashanah or Jewish New Year, Yom Kippur, or the Day of Atonement as mentioned in Leviticus 16:30, Sukkot, a day to commemorate the travel of Israelites from Egypt to the Promised Land, Hanukkah, known as the Festival of Lights, celebrating the rededication of the Holy Temple, Pesach or Passover, which commemorates the emancipation of Israelites from Egyptian slavery, and Shavuot, a two-day holiday remembering the time when Moses received the Ten Commandments.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Bible across 26 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Bible worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Bible which is a collection of sacred scriptures, which was written by over 40 authors from different backgrounds and times. It has two sections, the Old Testament, which is central to the Jewish faith, and the New Testament, as a guide for Christians.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Bible Facts
- Books of the Bible
- Biblical Timeline
- Figures and Facts
- Name the Holiday
- Biblical Parables
- Synoptic Gospels
- Mark Your Calendar
- Remember the Apostles?
- Are You a Good Samaritan?
- Events from Scripture
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Link will appear as The Bible Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, June 25, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.