Biome Facts

In ecology, a biome is a major regional group of distinctive plant and animal communities best adapted to the region's physical natural environment, latitude, elevation, and terrain.

  • Biomes are the world’s major communities where insects, animals, plants and people live in a certain type of climate.
  • The climate and geography of an area determines what type of biome can exist in that region.
  • Each biome consists of many ecosystems.
  • Here are the commonly grouped biomes: Desert, Deciduous Forest, Coniferous Forest, Arctic Tundra,
    Tropical Rainforest, Grasslands, Taiga.
  • There are also Marine and Freshwater ecosystems that could be considered the water biomes.
  • The Marine and Freshwater biomes are extremely important because water is the basis of all life.
  • The earth’s coldest biome is the tundra which has permanently frozen subsoil, called permafrost.
  • All of the biomes need to be protected. Over the past several years, human activity has destroyed,
    exploited, or polluted many of the biomes.
  • All living things are closely related to their environment and any change in a part, like an increase or decrease in one type of plant or animal, can cause a ripple effect of change through the entire biome.
  • Biomes have moved and changed many times throughout the history of the Earth.

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