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A garden is a piece of land usually found outdoors where plants, flowers, trees, and other forms of nature are displayed, enjoyed, and taken care of. Gardening is the act of taking care of the plants by watering them and removing weeds in their vicinity.
See the fact file below for more information on the garden or alternatively, you can download our 24-page Garden worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The term garden comes from the Middle English word ‘gardin’ and the Anglo-French word ‘jardin’, which both mean enclosure or enclosed space.
- Related words include yard, horticulture, court, and orchard.
- In British English, a garden is an area of land adjacent to a house or building.
- In American English, the enclosed space is more commonly referred to as yard.
ELEMENTS OF A GARDEN
- Gardens may comprise both natural and man-made or artificial elements.
- The natural elements include flora (plants, shrubs, weeds, trees), fauna (birds, bees, different types of insect), soil, light, air, and water.
- Man-made or artificial elements in a garden include pathways, decks, patios, lights, sculptures, gazebos, sheds, pergolas, flower beds, ponds, and drainage systems.
TYPES OF GARDEN
- The design of a garden mainly depends on its purpose.
- Flower gardens are more for aesthetic purposes while fruit and vegetable gardens are functional.
- Some gardens are created for recreational purposes, such as family gatherings, bird-watching, reading, relaxing, and playing.
- Flower gardens may be designed to feature particular plant types, such as rose gardens, cactus gardens, aquatic gardens, and alpine gardens.
- A rose garden is a garden or public park where various types of rose are grown and tended to.
- A cactus garden is where many types of cacti are cultivated.
- An aquatic garden propagates a variety of aquatic plants, and sometimes ornamental fish.
- An alpine garden is an area where plants normally found at high altitudes are collected and cultivated.
- Some gardens feature a certain aesthetic, such as a knot garden or bonsai garden.
- Some gardens are styled according to styles prevalent in different cultures and periods such as a Chinese garden, Dutch garden, English landscape, French landscape, Greek gardens, Italian Renaissance, Japanese garden, and Persian garden.
- Butterfly gardens are created to attract butterflies.
- A knot garden consists of aromatic herbs designed in a square frame.
- A bonsai garden consists of bonsai plants, which are small trees cultivated in containers to mimic the scale and shape of big trees.
- Japanese gardens follow a design to display plants and nature in an artistic yet simplistic form.
- Insects are important to a garden, transferring pollen from one plant to another. Pollen contains the male portion of DNA required for plant reproduction.
- Some insects also give insight about the weather.
- Insects may also be damaging to gardens. They eat the plants’ fruit, leaves, flowers, and roots.
- To prevent plant damage, farmers kill harmful insects using insecticides.
- Like insects, bees are important to a garden. They buzz around flowers during the daytime.
- Bees are attracted to brightly colored flowers and strong-scented flowers.
- Bees also help pollinate plants and flowers.
- One hundred thousand plant species exist because of bees.
- Bees can tell us about the weather: they hide in their beehives when they feel the level of humidity rise.
- Worms, particularly earthworms, pull down organic material into the ground and recycle the material into nutrient-filled soil which keeps the soil fresh and clean.
- The first gardens were used to grow food and medicinal herbs. It was not until around 1500 BC in Egypt when the first decorative gardens were designed.
- Common flowering plants found in gardens are roses, lilies, orchids, sunflowers, zinnias, pansies, marigolds, begonias, daffodils, lavenders, and coneflowers.
- Gardeners are responsible for cultivating gardens.
- They make sure the garden is maintained and receives proper irrigation.
- Gardeners also plan to enhance the local environment of gardens.
- However, the way gardeners cultivate a garden may cause environmental damage, such as destruction of natural habitats when man-made structures are created or when garden ornaments like rock and peat are placed.
- The aesthetic value of gardens declined during the Middle Ages, but the garden tradition continued in monasteries.
- The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were once listed by Hellenic culture as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
- The most beautiful gardens in the world include the Château de Versailles in France, the Royal Botanic Gardens in England, the Dumbarton Oaks in Washington DC, the Powerscourt Gardens in Ireland, and the Butchart Gardens in Canada, to name a few.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the garden across 24 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Garden worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about a garden which is a piece of land usually found outdoors where plants, flowers, trees, and other forms of nature are displayed, enjoyed, and taken care of. Gardening is the act of taking care of the plants by watering them and removing weeds in their vicinity.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Garden Facts
- Garden Q&A
- Elements Checklist
- Picture Clues
- Garden Type Match
- Word Differentiation
- Picture Notes
- Flower Search
- Gardening Dos and Don’ts
- My Garden Design
- Garden Field Trip
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Link will appear as Garden Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, January 22, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.