Garden Facts

A garden is usually a piece of land that is used for growing flowers, trees, shrubs, and other plants. The act of caring for a garden by watering the flowers and plants and removing the weeds is called gardening. See the fact file below for more information about gardens.
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  • There are many different types of gardens. Some people create flower gardens, others plant gardens that yield food. Other people create gardens that attract butterflies, and others create gardens that display plants and artwork from a specific part of the world such as in a Japanese garden.
  • Insects are very important to a garden. They help to transfer the pollen from plant to plant.
  • Sometimes, however, insects can be harmful to gardens because they eat the leaves, fruit, flowers or roots. Farmers spend a lot of money on insecticides to kill these harmful insects.
  • Bees are helpful to a garden. They love flowers that close at night. This is the reason why bees are only buzzing around during the daytime. Bees are also attracted to the flowers that are bright in color and have a strong fragrance. Because bees help pollinate flowers and plants, they are responsible for the existence of many flowers. Without bees, over 100,000 plant species would cease to exist.
  • Some insects even tell us something about the weather. When bees feel the rise in humidity, they will return to their hives to avoid the coming rain.
  • Earthworms are very important to any garden. They work hard at keeping our soil clean by pulling down organic material and recycling it into fresh nutrient filled soil.
  • Many classrooms around the world are growing gardens. This kind of activity teaches children about the plants and animals in a garden. It also helps children learn about the weather and how to care for their gardens.
  • Sunlight is very important to any garden. Sunlight helps the plants grow. Some flowers cannot survive in direct sunlight because the heat is too intense and actually burns them.
  • Water is also a very important part of any garden. Most gardens need to be watered frequently in order for the vegetables and flowers to grow. A desert garden, however, can die if it’s given too much water.
  • Long ago, gardens were essential to life. Early people were able to create towns and villages once they learned to plant their food, rather than moving from area to area gathering what they could find to eat. Gardening gave early people more control over their lives and allowed them to begin to specialize in different trades. Some farmed, some hunted, others made pottery, others made weapons and some made clothes etc.