Geology Facts

Geology is the study of the nonliving things that the Earth is made of. Geology is the study of rocks in the Earth's crust. People who study geology are called geologists. See the fact file below for more information about geology.

  • The word “geology” comes from the Greek word “ge” meaning rocks and “logos” meaning knowledge.
  • Geology is the study of the Earth and what it is made of.
  • Geologists also study events that have changed and shaped the Earth over time. They basically tell us the Earth’s story dating back billions of years.
  • Geologists study the rocks, minerals, fossils, landforms and the layers of the Earth’s surface.
  • Geologists spend a lot of time in the field collecting samples to study.
  • In order to collect samples the geologists works with many of the same tools as the archeologist. They use: handpicks, brushes, pointed bricklayer’s trowel , hand shovel, dustpan, whisk broom, stakes, string, cameras, notebooks and pencils. Sometimes they even use a bulldozer.
  • Geologists discovered the different layers of the Earth’s surface.
  • Earthquakes, volcanoes and soil erosion affect all the people of the Earth, even if the geological event occurs halfway around the world. These events can change weather and air quality. They can also affect the oceans and other water features around the world.
  • Food grown in the mid-western United States depends on accurate soil sampling. They also count of geologists to monitor soil erosion and water drainage.
  • When certain kinds of fish seems to disappear, fishermen look to geologists to explain why, The geologist will look to activity in the ocean to find the reason.

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