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The planet Jupiter is one of the gas giants and considered the biggest one in our solar system. It is named after the Roman king of gods, Jupiter, and is the fifth nearest to the sun.
See the fact file below for more information on the Jupiter or alternatively, you can download our 22-page Jupiter worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
Planet Jupiter Profile
- Mass: 1.90 x 10^27 kg
- Polar Diameter: 133,709 km
- Equatorial Diameter: 142,984 km
- Orbit Period: 4,333 days
- Moons: 67
- Rings: 3
- During the 7th and 8th century B.C., Jupiter was first sighted by ancient Babylonians. Mesopotamians revered Jupiter as the god Marduk, patron of Babylon. For the Greeks, it represented Zeus, the god of thunder. Moreover, Germanic tribes named it Donar or Thor.
Jupiter’s Formation and Composition
- Jupiter is the largest among the gas planets (Saturn, Neptune and Uranus).
- Unlike most planets, it is primarily composed of gaseous matter like hydrogen and helium.
- Its upper atmosphere is divided into cloud belts and zones primarily composed of cloud layers made of ammonia, sulfur and other compounds. These clouds appear red, brown, yellow and white.
- In 1976, Voyager spotted Jupiter’s faint ring system. These rings were named Halo, Main and Gossamer.
- It has 67 confirmed moons including those discovered by Galileo Galilei in 1610.
- Jupiter is the fifth planet from the sun following Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. It is the largest of all the planets and eleven times wider than Earth.
- It is the fourth brightest object in the solar system along with the sun, moon and Venus. In addition, Jupiter has the second strongest magnetic field in the solar system, following the sun.
- Jupiter turns on its axis quickly, once every 9 hours and 55 minutes, giving it the shortest day of the eight planets.
- Its axis is tilted by only 3.13 degrees, making the change of season next to nothing compared to Earth and Mars.
- Using his innovated telescope, Galileo first observed the four main moons of Jupiter: Ganymede, Io, Callisto and Europa, also known as Galilean satellites. Ganymede is larger than Mercury and the only moon in the solar system to possess its own magnetic field.
- During the 17th century, a giant red spot was first observed on Jupiter. It is a giant hurricane larger than Earth and has been raging on Jupiter for over 350 years.
- Jupiter’s interior is made of compressed hydrogen gas, liquid metallic hydrogen, and a core of ice, rock and metals.
- Between 1979 and 2007, NASA sent eight spacecraft missions to Jupiter. They are Pioneer 10, Pioneer-Saturn, Voyager 1, Voyager 2, Ulysses, Galileo, Cassino and New Horizons.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Jupiter across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Jupiter worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the planet Jupiter which is one of the gas giants and considered the biggest one in our solar system. It is named after the Roman king of gods, Jupiter, and is the fifth nearest to the sun.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Jupiter Facts
- The Big Planet
- Jupiter Ascending
- Jupiter by Numbers
- In the Cosmos
- Tic Tac Space
- Galilean Moons
- The Great Red Spot
- Jupiter Rings
- Interesting Planet
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Link will appear as Jupiter Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, May 28, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.