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Migration is a seasonal movement of a complete animal population from one location to another. It is typically a reaction to changes in temperature, the availability of food, or the amount of daylight, and is often undertaken for breeding purposes. Some migrating animals are insects, fish, and birds.
See the fact file below for more information on the Migration – Animals, Insects and Birds or alternatively, you can download our 22-page Migration – Animals, Insects and Birds worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Migration is a movement to and from a particular region of all or part of an animal population. Migrating animals include many birds; hoofed animals, especially in East Africa and the tundra of the Arctic; bats; whales and porpoises; seals; and fish.
- Migration may be contrasted with emigration, which includes a change of location not necessarily accompanied by a return journey, or invasion or disturbance, involving the arrival and subsequent absence of large numbers of animals at unusual times and in unusual locations.
- In some cases, to reproduce and ultimately die, animals with a fairly long lifespan return to their place of birth.
- In some cases where a species has a fairly brief lifespan and reproduces quickly, such as some invertebrates, migration may not occur in every generation.
- Mammals are a clear example of a group of animals called nomadic migrants. Mammals wander from place to place, usually with seasonal changes. They might end up where they started or go somewhere else completely.
- The American bison is an example of a nomadic migrant. Huge herds of bison roamed the Great Plains once, when the seasons changed.
- Animals manage to find their way across thousand of miles of land and sea.
- Each year the African savannah’s zebra and wildebeest herds migrate in a giant circle in a clockwise direction. They are in continual movement. This gigantic circle follows the rainy seasons when food is plentiful in certain places.
- Locusts and butterflies are insects best known for migrating. A great many other species are migrants, including some of the smallest.
- Desert locusts only breed when and where seasonal rains permit; hence the insects migrate from one breeding area to another as a consequence of climatic conditions.
- Broadly speaking, there are three forms of insect migration: some insects immigrate for breeding on one-way journeys, others migrate from a breeding area to a feeding area, and others migrate from breeding areas to hibernation.
- In the first type, adults with a lifespan reduced to one season immigrate from their breeding site, deposit their eggs, and die.
- In the second type, insects migrate from breeding to feeding grounds.
- The females produce mature ovaries in the feeding field, and then return to lay their eggs in the place they came from or a similar location.
- In the final type, insects travel from their breeding areas to places where they hibernate or estivate.
- In warm countries, coccinellids, a beetle family, and some moths leave the hot lowlands and migrate to the mountains.
- Migration amongst birds is most evident. Most organisms need a healthy, abundant supply of food at frequent intervals due to their high metabolism rate.
- As a result, birds have built a highly efficient way to fly rapidly over long distances with a broad energy economy.
- Bird migration flights follow common routes, which are often very well established over long distances. Nevertheless, most bird migrants fly along large airways. A single migrant population can be spread across a large territory to create a broad front that is hundreds of miles in width.
- Birds often change their flight path according to the wind direction and force. Some routes cross oceans.
- In places such as the Gulf of Mexico, the Mediterranean Sea, and the North Atlantic, the small passerine birds migrate 1,000 kilometers or more from the shore.
- Some birds fly very high For example, migratory passers-by were observed at altitudes as high as 4,000 meters.
- Pelicans, storks, birds of prey, swifts, swallows, and finches are diurnal (daytime) migrants.
Migration – Animals, Insects and Birds Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Migration – Animals, Insects and Birds across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Migration – Animals, Insects and Birds worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the migration which is a seasonal movement of a complete animal population from one location to another. It is typically a reaction to changes in temperature, the availability of food, or the amount of daylight, and is often undertaken for breeding purposes. Some migrating animals are insects, fish, and birds.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Migration – Animals, Insects and Birds Facts
- Complete the Columns
- Choose One
- Study of Migration
- Insect Migration
- To Migrate or Not to Migrate?
- Pinned Pics
- Migration vs. Emigration
- Acrostic Poem
- Check the List
- Mapping Migration
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Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.