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Humans are naturally born curious. They tend to find answers to their questions through different methods. In science, a scientific method is a helpful tool that can answer questions through observations and data gathering.
See the fact file below for more information on the Scientific Method or alternatively, you can download our 26-page Scientific Method worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The scientific method is a systematic process of seeking answers to questions by collecting data and empirical evidence through observation and experimentation.
- The different branches of science and other fields use the scientific method in their experiments.
- The method of observation used in problem solving was first seen in the Edwin Smith Papyrus in Egypt in 1600 BCE.
- The scientific method minimizes bias in the results of experiments.
- One of the first people to encourage the use of observation and reasoning was Aristotle.
- The first person to write and discuss the importance of experimentation was Hasan Ibn al-Haytham, an Arabic-Muslim mathematician and scientist.
- Galileo Galilei emphasized the essence of variable testing in experiments.
- They indicated to other scientists how science should be conducted and showed the importance of the scientific method in exploring new areas in science.
- The person who discovered and made the scientific method known to the world was Francis Bacon.
- He developed the Baconian method, which was the first scientific method used.
Steps of the Scientific Method
Make an Observation
- Observations are the main reason why people start having questions.
- Research the topic and find out if there is existing information.
- The information gathered will be very helpful in experimenting and lessens errors when experiments are done.
- The process of the scientific method begins with a question coming from observations.
- It may vary depending on what you want to know and may cover questions such as what, how, where, when, and why.
- Questions must be measurable and answerable by conducting experiments.
Make Your Hypothesis
- A hypothesis is a possible answer to your question.
- The hypothesis that you will prove will serve as the guide throughout your experiment.
Test Your Hypothesis Through Experiments
- Test your hypothesis through experiments.
- Make sure that the data gathered is accurate by recording the different variables and performing the experiment multiple times.
- The data will serve as evidence to prove if the hypothesis is true.
Different Kinds of Variable
- Variables are entities or things that are measured and can be changed.
- Independent variable
- This can also be referred to as the cause because it affects the result of the dependent variable.
- During experiments, it can be controlled and changed.
- Dependent variable
- This variable is the one tested in experiments.
- It is dependent on how the independent variable moves.
- A dependent variable is referred to as the effect.
- A null hypothesis states that there is no difference in the variable.
- Therefore, this kind of hypothesis is rejected.
Characteristics of an Experiment
- An experiment must be unbiased.
- It must have a control group or a variable in a normal condition.
- The experiment can be replicated, which means that the experimental process can be also be done in other experimental units.
- The process of the experiment must be repeatable.
Types of Scientific Research
- Quantitative research
- These are studies that use numerical data.
- Qualitative research
- These are studies that gather non-numerical data.
- Through the data gathered from the experiment, evaluate the result and determine whether to accept or reject your hypothesis.
- If the hypothesis is true, gather more evidence to hold its accuracy.
- Otherwise, make a new hypothesis and re-conduct the experiment.
Make a Conclusion and Report Results
- The last step is to make a conclusion.
- Make an overall statement about your findings and present your results.
- It is important to use the scientific method in proving experiments.
- However, scientists sometimes do not follow the traditional process and make a few changes, such as skipping and repeating the process.
- The important thing is that they maintain and focus on the main concept of using the scientific method.
Two Concepts of the Scientific Method
- This is often likely to be true compared with a hypothesis because it has evidence that serves as proof.
- This is a suggested explanation, educated guess, or unproven statement for an observation.
Scientific Method Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle that includes everything you need to know about the Scientific Method across 26 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Scientific Method which is a systematic process of seeking answers to questions by collecting data and empirical evidence through observation and experimentation.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Scientific Method Facts
- Scientific Method
- Next Step
- Science Vocabulary
- I Have a Question
- What Should I Choose?
- Let’s Find Out
- Science Behind It
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Link will appear as Scientific Method Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, February 17, 2022
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.