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Tanks are heavily armed and armored combat vehicles moving on two endless metal chains called tracks.
See the fact file below for more information on the tanks or alternatively, you can download our 25-page Tanks worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
HISTORY OF TANKS
- Egyptians, Hittites, Assyrians, and other advanced ancient warring peoples used vehicles for fighting since 1000 BC.
- Before protective metals, horse-drawn war chariots were used in the Middle East as mobile platforms for combat with bows and arrows.
- The ideas of Guido da Vigevano (1335) and Leonardo da Vinci (1484) soon proposed battle cars.
- In 1900, John Fowler & Company built the first self-propelled armored vehicle when they armored a steam traction engine that was used for hauling supplies in the South African War in 1899 to 1902.
- Later, F. R. Simms mounted a machine gun on a powered quadricycle in England in 1899.
- Vickers, Sons and Maxim Ltd. (London), Société Charron, Girardot et Voigt (France), and Austro-Daimler Company (Austria) built their own versions of armed and armored vehicles beginning in 1902.
- Further designs were introduced, but countries did not see its importance until the outbreak of World War I.
WORLD WAR I TANKS
- The first tracked armored vehicle was constructed by the Armoured Car Division of the Royal Naval Air Service in July 1915, in Britain.
- In September 1915, the first tank, called “Little Willie”, was driven across wide trenches. Following “Big Willie”, the British forces soon ordered 100 tanks to use for the war.
- The first tank vs. tank battle occurred on April 24, 1918, near the small town of Villers-Bretonneux.
- When WWI ended, France had produced 3,870 tanks, Britain had produced 2,636, while Germany had only produced 20.
WORLD WAR II TANKS
- Shamed by the loss of WWI, the Germans showed their military power during World War II.
- The German Panzer division became most effective tank force to date.
- They built 3,195 vehicles, including 211 Pz. IVs.
- In response, the Russians brought out the Stalin heavy tank in 1944, which was armed with a 122-mm gun. Its was a support to medium tanks by destroying enemy tanks at long range.
- Against tanks, armies soon developed lightly armored, self-propelled, anti-tank guns.
- The British Army also utilized its infantry tanks, such as the Churchill, and cruiser tanks, such as the Crusader and Cromwell.
- Towards the end of the war, the U.S. Army introduced a few M26 Pershing heavy tanks with a 90-mm gun.
- With the development of anti-tank weapons, such as rocket launchers and recoilless rifles, tank production dwindled after the war.
- In response and to increase the tank’s survivability, designers developed their armaments, strengthened their armor, and made them more mobile and modern.
- Other countries also developed their own designs with increased damage and effectiveness.
- During the Cold War Era, designers also mounted internal communications, a fire control system, a laser rangefinder, a Global Positioning System, and terrain information.
- By the beginning of the 21st century, main battle tanks (MBTs) were developed to be heavy, modernized, and highly mobile, with advancements in weaponry and countermeasures.
- MBTs also use a circular review system with a combination of Augmented Reality and Artificial Intelligence technologies.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the tanks across 25 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Tanks worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the tanks which are heavily armed and armored combat vehicles moving on two endless metal chains called tracks.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Tanks Facts
- Tanky Soldier
- Parts of a Tank
- Main Tanks
- Tank Above All
- The Super Tank
- The Modern Tank
- Anti-Tank Missile
- Military Vehicles
- Use Tank
- A-Maze Tank
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Link will appear as Tanks Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, August 27, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.