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The European Union (EU) is a community of 27 countries that work as a cohesive political and economic system. The countries have a total area of 4,233,255.3 km2 and an estimated total population of approximately 447 million.
See the fact file below for more information on the European Union or alternatively, you can download our 20-page European Union worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The European Union (EU) is a federal union of 27 European member countries founded by the Treaty of Maastricht in 1992. The EU grew out of the European Economic Community (EEC) formed in 1957 by the Rome Treaties.
- The EU’s members are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden.
- In January 31, 2020, the United Kingdom, which was a founding member of the European Union, left the organization.
- After the World War II, the European countries decided to live together in peace and to support each other’s economies.
- Instead of fighting each other for coal and steel, only one European Coal and Steel Group was formed in 1952 by the first Member States (West) Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg.
- In 1957, the member countries signed another treaty in the Italian city of Rome and incorporated it into the European Economic Union, which became a coal, steel, and trading group. Later it changed the name to the European Community.
- In 1993, with the Treaty of Maastricht, it changed its name to the European Union. The member countries work together not only in politics and economy (coal, steel, and trade), but also in finance, justice (laws), and foreign affairs.
- 22 European Union member countries have opened their borders to each other through the Schengen Agreement so that citizens can travel from one country to another without a passport or identity card.
- All European Union citizens are entitled and free to choose where they want to study, work or retire within the EU country. Any EU country will treat EU citizens for education, social security and tax purposes in exactly the same way as its own citizens.
- The Treaty of Maastricht, officially known as the Treaty on European Integration, is an international agreement approved in December 1991, by the Heads of Government of the States of the European Community (EC) in Maastricht, Netherlands.
- The treaty was signed on February 7, 1992 and came into force on November 1, 1993, and was ratified by all EC Member States (voters in Denmark rejected the original treaty but later accepted a slightly changed version).
- The treaty established a European Union (EU), with EU citizenship granted to every person who was a citizen of a member state.
- EU citizenship allowed people, regardless of their nationality, to vote and run for office in local and European Parliament elections in the EU country in which they resided.
- The treaty also provided for the implementation of a central banking system and a common currency (the euro), committed parties to the implementation of similar foreign and security policies, and called for greater cooperation on many other topics, including environmental, policing, and social policy.
- The treaty also established a regional committee that acted as an advisory body on issues relating to subnational, provincial, or local constituencies for commissioners and the Council of Ministers.
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS
- The goals of the European Union are to: promote stability, its values, and its peoples’ well-being, and ensure independence, protection, and justice without internal borders.
- Its sustainable development goals focused on having balanced economic growth and price stability, a highly competitive market economy with full employment and social development, and protection of the environment.
- Goals also include fighting social inequality and discrimination, promoting scientific and technological development, enhancing economic, social and territorial unity and cooperation between EU countries, respecting their rich cultural and linguistic diversity, creating an economic and monetary union with a euro currency.
- For a culture in which equality, diversity, justice, unity and non-discrimination prevail, the EU principles are universal to EU countries.
- The following are values that are part of the European way of life:
- Human dignity. Human dignity is inviolable.
- Freedom. Freedom of movement grants people the freedom to free travel and residency within the Union.
- Democracy. The EU’s operations are founded on representative democracy. To be a European citizen means also to enjoy civil freedom.
- Equality. Equality includes equal protection before law for all people.
- Rules of Law. All that the EU does is focused on treaties which its EU countries freely and collectively decide on.
- Human Rights. The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights guarantees the protection of human rights.
European Union Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the European Union across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use European Union worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the European Union (EU) which is a community of 27 countries that work as a cohesive political and economic system. The countries have a total area of 4,233,255.3 km2 and an estimated total population of approximately 447 million.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- European Union Facts
- The Member States
- EU Timeline
- Put on a Smile
- Searching for Equality
- EU Members
- Power of Democracy
- Five on Five
- Unified Union
- EU Quote
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Link will appear as European Union Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 14, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.