The Connecticut Plan, also known as the Great Compromise of 1787, was proposed by Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth during the Constitutional Convention at the State House in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on July 23, 1787.
- The Connecticut delegates presented the Great Compromise to end the debate between the Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plan. The issue on representation was the primary reason for the compromise.
- The Virginia Plan, also known as the Large State Plan or Randolph Plan, was proposed by Edmund Randolph on May 28, 1787.
- One of the fifteen resolutions was the creation of a bicameral legislature. The members were chosen by proportional representation dependent on the state’s population size. Two weeks later, William Paterson proposed the New Jersey Plan, also known as the Small State Plan or Paterson Plan, which opposed the delegation with its equal representation.
- On July 23, 1787, the Constitutional Convention ratified the Great Compromise which adapted the important elements of both the Virginia and New Jersey Plan.
- Three branches of government were created with separate powers. The bicameral legislature was composed of the Upper House (Senate) and the Lower House (House of Representatives). The members of the Senate were based on equal representation, with two delegates per state. The House of Representatives would be apportioned to the state’s population size and wealth.
- The supporters of the Virginia Plan were the states of Virginia , Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, while New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, and Connecticut voted for the New Jersey Plan.
- The Great Compromise was included in the US Constitution along with the Three Fifths Compromise and the Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise, as products of the two opposing plans.
- Sherman and Ellsworth both served in Congress. Sherman was elected in the House of Representatives and later on in the Senate, while Ellsworth was recognized as one of the members of the Five Committee who drafted the Constitution. He also became one of the first senators from Connecticut and the third Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
The Great Compromise Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Great Compromise Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about The Connecticut Plan, also known as the Great Compromise of 1787, which was proposed by Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth during the Constitutional Convention at the State House in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on July 23, 1787.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- The Great Compromise Facts
- The Proponents
- Great Plans
- The Legislature
- Understanding Government
- Representation Mapping
- Guess Who?
- Constitutional Terms
- How to Compromise
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Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.