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The Roosevelt Corollary was articulated by President Theodore Roosevelt in his 1904 State of the Union Address, as an addition to his Big Stick Diplomacy. It states the possible intervention of the United States of America in conflicts between European and Latin American countries to reinforce its international police power against chronic unrest. For more information on the Roosevelt Corollary read the fact file below or download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- President Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th president of the United States, and known for his foreign policies and corporate reforms. In 1906, he won the Nobel Prize for Peace for mediating the Russo-Japanese War. He became the U.S president on September 14, 1901, after the assassination of Pres. William McKinley.
- During the early 1900s, he saw growing conflict between Venezuela and its European creditors. Germany and Great Britain took aggressive action by blocking the coastal ports of Venezuela due to unpaid loans. Fearing possible invasion, in 1904, Pres. Roosevelt announced the Roosevelt Corollary as an addition to the Monroe Doctrine.
- The Monroe Doctrine was delivered by President James Monroe to the Congress on December 2, 1823. It was known as the U.S foreign policy towards the western hemisphere. The United States of America prohibited European nations from colonizing further.
- In 1865, Monroe Doctrine was invoked during the revolt led by Mexican President Benito Juarez against sitting French Emperor, Maximilian.
- The Roosevelt Corollary was the assertive approach of the United States to Latin America and the Caribbean. The US practiced its international police power through military support during the flagrant cases of wrongdoing by any European nation.
- It served as justification of United States intervention over the territories of Cuba (1906-1909), Nicaragua (1909-1910, 1912-1925, 1926-1933), Dominican Republic (1916-1924), Venezuela (1902-1903), and Haiti (1915-1934).
- To prevent European imperialism over Venezuela, Pres. Roosevelt urged Germany and Britain to agree on the process of arbitration to resolve the debt issue.
- The Corollary was issued after an appeal for help by the Dominican government against the European investors’ intense collections. As a remedy, Pres. Roosevelt sent American collectors to avoid European intervention in Central and South America.
- In 1903, Pres. Roosevelt attended a negotiation with the Colombian government over the isthmus of Panama, now known as the Panama Canal. The geographical location of the canal was a huge advantage for the US naval force as it connects the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.
- As a result, Hays-Herran Treaty was proposed, granting the jurisdiction of the Canal Zone to the U.S and giving it a 100 year lease. Its unpopularity forced the Colombian Senate to reject the treaty.
- Pres. Roosevelt supported the insurgency against the Colombian government, thus giving Panama its independence. This event allowed the United States to be seen as a major naval power after starting the construction of the canal.
- In 1905, the Dominican Republic became a protectorate of the United States after the threat of invasion by European debt collectors.
- Pres. Roosevelt used the motto “Speak softly and carry a Big Stick”. His “Big Stick Diplomacy” composed of the Monroe Doctrine and the Roosevelt Corollary were supported by the new American naval force.
- The Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine was an aggressive foreign policy, which made a concrete standing of America to the rest of the world. It also guided the hemispheric diplomacy throughout World War II and Cold War.
Roosevelt Corollary Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Roosevelt Corollary Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about The Roosevelt Corollary which was articulated by President Theodore Roosevelt in his 1904 State of the Union Address, as an addition to his Big Stick Diplomacy. It states the possible intervention of the United States of America in conflicts between European and Latin American countries to reinforce its international police power against chronic unrest.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- Roosevelt Corollary Facts
- President Theodore Roosevelt
- The Big Stick Diplomacy
- Mapping Central America
- Monroe Doctrine Word Search
- Famous Leaders
- All About US Foreign Policy
- SWOT Deconstruction
- Mix and Match Colonialism
- Political Cartoon Analysis
- America, Today
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