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Social Darwinism emerged in the late 19th and early 20th century. It is the theory that humans, like animals and plants, are subject to the same laws of natural selection and compete in a struggle for existence which results in “survival of the fittest”. For more information on Social Darwinism read the fact file below or download the comprehensive worksheet pack containing over 11 worksheets.
- Social Darwinism originated from the theory of Charles Darwin regarding natural selection and the process of evolution.
- Social Darwinists believed that the life of humans in every society was a struggle for existence, as per “survival of the fittest”, a phrase coined by the British philosopher and scientist Herbert Spencer.
- Notable Social Darwinists from England are Herbert Spencer and Walter Bagehot, and William Graham Sumner in the United States.
- The theory used to support the concept of capitalism’s “laissez-faire” and political ideology, conservatism. It was justified that there is a class stratification due to the inequalities among people. Wealth was a sign of success and the poor were regarded as unfit and so should not be aided.
- Social Darwinism was used as a philosophical justification for imperialist, colonialist, and racist policies, supporting the belief that Anglo-Saxon or Aryan cultures are superior.
- Andrew Carnegie used Social Darwinism as his objective for his philanthropic activities; Adolf Hitler used the theory to justify Aryan Supremacy.
Social Darwinism Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Social Darwinism Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about Social Darwinism which emerged in the late 19th and early 20th century. It is the theory that humans, like animals and plants, are subject to the same laws of natural selection and compete in a struggle for existence which results in “survival of the fittest”.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- Social Darwinism Facts
- Analyze It!
- Social Darwinism Word Search
- Who am I?
- Is It Social Darwinism?
- Adolf Hitler: Aryan Supremacy
- Two Sides of the Coin
- Social Darwinism in History
- The White Man’s Burden
- My Two Cents
- Poster Making
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