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The American revolution was perhaps one of the most significant events in US history. The beginning of the American revolution occurred due to a number of events between the US and Britain. One of these was the passing of the Stamp Act in 1765.
The Stamp act was a tax put on the American colonies by the British in 1765. The tax covered printed materials; specifically newspapers, magazines and any legality document. This was duly named the Stamp act as the colonies purchased paper from the British government which was already branded with an official ‘stamp’. This suggested they had already paid their taxes. See the fact file below for more information on the famous Stamp act of 1765.
- It is suggested that the introduction of the Stamp act was one of the key contributors to the American Revolution.
- Britain had just claimed victory In the French and Indian War (Seven Years war)
- The battle involved the British American colonies and the French, who had allied with the American Indians in the battle.
- The French and Indian war lasted from 1754 until 1763.
- The American colonies eventually won the war after 9 years of sustained battling. It’s suggested that they only won the war as a result of involvement from the British army.
- The war although won was an expensive one for the British army. Lots of money was spent on victory.
- As a result the British government believed it was only fair that colonies should contribute to the expense of the war.
- The colonies didn’t agree with the government’s assessment and the subsequent expense.
- The Stamp act of 1765 was introduced to help the British pay for the war.
- The Colonies believed this was an unfair tax as there was no representation of the Colonies within British Parliament.
- The rejection of the stamp act by the Colonies and the dismissal of such tax was as a result of the Colonies having no say in how much tax was to be paid.
- The name coined for this was ‘taxation without representation’.
The Colonies Reaction:
- Reaction from the colonies was monumental
- This resulted in a number of protests and a refusal to pay the taxes. Those whose job it was to collection the taxes were threatened and the tax paper was burnt in the street.
- Mass condemnation of the Stamp duty spread across the colonies.
- The colonies went as far as completely boycotting all British products and merchants.
Stamp Act Congress:
- As a result of the Stamp act members of the colonies decided to create a Stamp Act congress of whom met in New York city in October 1765.
- As part of the discussions they organised a protest against the British government to combat the act imposed.
- This congress resulted in a document being produced. This document was called “The Declaration of Rights and Grievances”. This was sent to the British government.
- The document highlighted issues the Colonies had with the British government. Included in this was the Stamp Act.
- Protests began to gather momentum and the British government began to feel the strain of the rebel from the Colonies.
- The impact of the protests on the British Merchants was huge and eventually the British government repealed the Stamp Act on the 18th March 1766.
- Although they finally admitted the Stamp act was perhaps not the best way to tax Colonies; they still went ahead and passed a Declaration that very day!
- This declaratory act stated that the British Parliament had every right to tax and make laws in the Colonies.
- Even though the Stamp act was a failure the British parliament were determined to earn taxes from the Colonies.
- The Tea tax was introduced. This eventually led to the Boston tea party.
- This would eventually go a step further and create the American Revolution as we know it today.
- It was mandatory to pay all Stamp act taxes with British money.
- Stamp agents (who collected the Stamp tax) were commonly forced from their jobs as a result of the anger towards the Stamp act. These individuals were regularly threatened.
- A group of American patriots formed around the time of the Stamp act. They were called ‘The Sons of Liberty’.
- The Sons of liberty would play a crucial role in the American revolution.
- The actual tax was not expensive. The Colonies however thought the British parliament were taking liberties against them which would lead to future taxes.
The Stamp Act of 1765 Worksheets
This bundle includes 11 ready-to-use Stamp Act of 1765 worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about the act which was a tax put on the American colonies by the British in 1765. The tax covered printed materials; specifically newspapers, magazines and any legality document.
This download includes the following worksheets:
- The Stamp Act of 1765 Facts
- Modified TRUE or FALSE
- Stamp Act Crossword
- The Stamp Act Maze
- It’s Tax Time
- The Stamp Act Congress
- Join or Die
- The Declaration of Rights and Grievances
- Picture Analysis
- Stamp Protest
- Poster Making
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Use With Any Curriculum
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