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On October 2, 1835, a military conflict between the Mexican government and Texas colonists broke out and became known as the Texas Revolution, or Texas War of Independence. The Battle of the Alamo and Goliad Massacre were among its famous events.
See the fact file below for more information on the Texas Revolution or alternatively, you can download our 24-page Texas Revolution worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- In 1821, the Mexican Republic was founded after its independence from Spain. Immigrants from the United States began to populate the northeastern part of the new republic, now called Texas.
- On April 6, 1830, the Mexican government banned further American immigration to Texas to avoid having too much influence. By 1833, Texans proposed their own Constitution but the government rejected the idea.
- Texans were unhappy under Mexican rule. They found American and Mexican cultures different. Most Americans were unwilling to speak Spanish. Moreover, they also rejected Roman Catholicism as a religion. Many American immigrants in Texas were from southern states who supported slavery. Same people believed that Texas and other parts of Mexico should be under the United States.
- In terms of judicial systems, Mexicans believed in “guilty until proven innocent” while Americans used “innocent until proven guilty”. In addition, Americans disliked the collection of taxes by the Mexican military.
Texas Revolution in Action
- On October 2, 1835, Mexican soldiers went to Gonzales to retrieve a small cannon they had left. As requested by Green DeWitt, a small six-pound cannon was previously used to ward off Comanche and other Indian attacks in Texas. Texans did not let the soldiers into town and fired the first shots of the revolution. Mexican soldiers led by Lieutenant Francisco de Castañeda retreated after witnessing an open rebellion, which came to be known as the Battle of Gonzales.
- Seven days later, Texans attacked Mexican soldiers at Presidio La Bahia in Goliad and won the battle, taking food and other supplies.
- On October 28, 1835, the Battle of Concepcion took place after the Texan army marched to San Antonio and defeated Mexican soldiers.
- After the Siege of Bexar in December 1835, the Texas army controlled most of the colony.
- On March 1, 1836, a convention was held declaring independence from Mexico and the new Constitution of the Republic of Texas. In addition, Sam Houston was named as Commander of the Texas military.
- After a 13-day attack at the Alamo near San Antonio, Texans were defeated by a mission led by General Santa Anna. With 4,000 Mexican soldiers, General Santa Anna killed over 180 Texans including leaders William B. Travis, Jim Bowie and Davy Crockett.
- Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna was a Mexican General who served as Mexico’s president before becoming a dictator in 1833 until 1835. He called himself the “Napoleon of the West” as he idolized the French Emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte.
- Another tragic event during the Texas revolution was the Goliad Massacre. On March 27, 1836, commander James Fannin, along with almost 400 Texan prisoners, were executed by Mexican soldiers. Most of the prisoners were captured during the Battle of Coleto when Texans surrendered to Mexican José Urrea. Under the command of Colonel Nicolás de la Portilla and orders of General Santa Anna, all prisoners were executed.
- On April 21, 1836, the last battle was fought in Jacinto. General Sam Houston led the Texan army against Mexican General Santa Anna.
- As part of their military strategy, General Houston ordered Deaf Smith and his troops to destroy Vince’s Bridge to delay Mexican reinforcements. Vince’s Bridge was a wooden bridge built by Allen Vince over Sims Bayou on the San Jacinto River. Hundreds of Mexican troops were captured or, including General Santa Anna.
- As a result, the Treaty of Velasco was signed on May 14, 1836, which officially ended the revolution. By June 15, demoralized Mexican troops crossed the Rio Grande and went back to Mexico.
After the Revolution
- On October 22, 1836, months after gaining independence, Sam Houston was named as the first President of Texas. He also served as its governor when they joined the United States.
- On December 29, 1845, the United States annexed Texas making it the nation’s 28th state. Texas is the only U.S. state that was a former nation before joining the Union.
- After a year, the United States gained more than 500,000 square miles of Mexican land after the Mexican-American War, which was ended through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Texas Revolution Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Texas Revolution across 24 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Texas Revolution worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about a military conflict between the Mexican government and Texas colonists which broke out on October 2, 1835 and became known as the Texas Revolution, or Texas War of Independence. The Battle of the Alamo and Goliad Massacre were among its famous events.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Texas Revolution Facts
- Texas War of Independence
- Mapping Battles
- Famous Texans
- Infamous Santa Anna
- Texans v. Mexicans
- The Lone Star State
- The Alamo
- The Aftermath
- 3Ps of Texas Revolution
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Link will appear as Texas Revolution Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, June 6, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.