Idaho Facts

Idaho Facts

Idaho is a state in the northwestern region of the United States. Idaho is the 14th largest, the 39th most populated, and the 7th least densely populated of the 50 United States. The state's largest city and capital is Boise. See the fact file below for more information about Idaho.


Became a State
July 3, 1890 (43rd)

Pacific northwestern United States

83,570 sq. miles (14th)

1,567,582 (39th)

Major Cities
Boise, Idaho Falls, Pocatello,Twin Falls, Coeur d’Alene, Moscow

potatoes, barrel cheese, processed foods, lumber/wood products, paper products, silver, mining, tourism

continental climate – zero degrees to moderate to cold winters, hot and dry summers

Yearly Precipitation
averages 11 inches

Professional Sports Teams
no professional sports teams

Major Waterways
Snake River, Clearwater River, Clark Fork River, Pend Oreille River, Boise River, Payette River, Salmon River

Most Famous Citizens
William Edgar Borah (public official, political leader)
John Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum (painter/sculptor)
M. Dudley Haywood (labor leader)
Ezra Pond (poet)
Sacajawea (Indian guide)
Dr. Jill Seaman (physician, humanitarian)

State Symbols
Bird – Mountain Bluebird
Flower – Syringa
Animal – Appaloosa
Tree – White Pine
Insect – Monarch Butterfly

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