Texas Facts

Texas Facts

Texas is the second most populous and the second largest of the 50 U.S. states in the United States of America, and the largest state in the 48 contiguous United States. See the fact file below for more information about Texas.

Capital
Austin

Became a State
December 29, 1845 (28th)

Location
Southern-central United States

Area
268,581 sq. miles (2nd)

Population
25,145,561 (2nd)

Major Cities
Houston, Dallas, El Paso, Fort Worth, Austin, San Antonio

Products
cattle, cotton, grain sorghum, watermelons, cabbages, spinach, wheat, corn, shipping, petroleum, natural gas, steel, banking, insurance

Climate
three main climate zones – humid subtropical in eastern half, temperate semi-arid steppe climate of the northwestern part, including the Panhandle and the subtropical parts of west Texas – winters colder in northern region, while Gulf Coast has mild winters – summer climate ranges cool to hot

Yearly Precipitation
averages 48 inches

Professional Sports Teams
Houston Astros (Major League Baseball)
FC Dallas (Major League Soccer)
Dallas Mavericks (National Basketball Association)
Houston Rockets (National Basketball Association)
San Antonio Spurs (National Basketball Association)
Dallas Cowboys (National Football League)
Houston Texans (National Football League)
Dallas Stars (National Hockey League)

Major Waterways
Rio Grande River, Gulf of Mexico, Red River, Brazos River

Most Famous Citizens
Dwight D. Eisenhower (United States President)
Lyndon B. Johnson (United States President)
John Nance Garner (United States Vice President)
Howard Hughes (industrialist, aviator)
Quanah Parker (Comanche chief)

State Symbols
Bird – Mockingbird
Flower – Bluebonnet
Animal – Longhorn
Tree – Pecan
Insect – Monarch Butterfly