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A ship is a large buoyant watercraft used for travel across water. They are generally distinguished from boats based on size, shape, and cargo or passenger capacity.
See the fact file below for more information on the ships or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Ship worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Boats are still vital aids to movement, even those little changed in form during that 6,000-year history.
- Navigation on the sea began among Egyptians as early as the third millennium BCE.
- Surviving clay tablets and containers record the use of waterborne vessels as early as 4,000 BCE.
- Voyages to Crete were among the earliest, followed by voyages guided by landmark navigation to Phoenicia and, using the canal that tied the Nile to the Red Sea, by trading journeys sailing to the eastern coast of Africa.
- Seagoing vessels large enough to be called ships were used in ancient times by the Egyptians, Cretans, Greeks, Phoenicians, Romans, and Chinese.
- Innovations were made and soon, ship sails were developed.
- Sails were devised to handle gentle breezes and gain mileage from them as well as from strong winds and to maintain some choice as to course while under their influence.
- To gain speed, it was necessary to increase the number of masts on the ship.
- For larger ships, larger sails required a strong crew to raise and lower the sail depending on the weather.
- In Asia, China was the first to develop seafaring with sails made of narrow panels, tied to a sheet at each end so that the force of the wind could be taken in many lines rather than on the mast alone.
- By the 15th century, Chinese junks had developed into the largest, strongest, and most seaworthy ships in the world.
- In Japan in the 15th century, one of the world’s first ironclads, “Tekkōsen” (鉄甲船), meaning “iron ships”, was developed.
- In Korea, in the early 15th century during the Joseon era, “Geobukseon”(거북선), or “turtle ship”, was recognized as the first armored ship in the world.
- Parallel to the development of warships, ships in service of marine fishery and trade also developed.
- Canal barges, towed by draft animals on an adjacent towpath, contended with the railway up to and past the early days of the industrial revolution.
- Flat-bottomed and flexible scow boats also became widely used for transporting small cargoes.
- During the industrial revolution, new mechanical methods of propulsion and the ability to construct ships from metal triggered an explosion in ship design.
- The first commercial steam navigation outside the U.S. began in 1812 when Henry Bell added a steamboat, the Comet, to carry his customers from the city.
- The early 19th-century steamboat experiments were aimed at building and operating passenger ships.
- In 1894, Charles A. Parsons designed the yacht Turbinia, using a steam turbine engine.
- By 1906, Cunard’s giant ships, the Lusitania and the Mauretania, were launched.
- The 20th century saw many naval engagements during the two world wars, the Cold War, and the rise to power of naval forces of the two blocs.
- Ships were mostly made for warfare, designed to carry artillery and weapons as well as hundreds of military personnel.
21st CENTURY SHIPS
- Ships are now constructed using the principles of naval architecture that require the same structural components. Their classification is based on their function.
- High-speed crafts, offshore oil vessels, fishing vessels, passenger vessels, recreational boats and crafts, and submersibles were manufactured around the world.
- Ships designed for freshwater shipping were specially adapted to the widths and depths of specific waterways.
- Sails are now generally used for recreation and competition. Wingsails have been used on larger modern vessels for fuel savings.
- Mechanical propulsion systems generally consist of a motor or engine turning a propeller, or less frequently, an impeller or wave propulsion fins.
- Steam engines were first used for this purpose, but have mostly been replaced by two-stroke or four-stroke diesel engines, outboard motors, and gas turbine engines on faster ships.
- Nuclear reactors producing steam are used to propel warships and icebreakers, and there have been attempts to utilize them to power commercial vessels.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about ships across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Ships worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the ship which is a large buoyant watercraft used for travel across water. They are generally distinguished from boats based on size, shape, and cargo or passenger capacity.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Ships Over time
- Parts of a Ship
- SHIPS: Service, Research & Industrial
- Passenger Carriers
- Mega Carriers
- Naval Ships
- Ocean’s Titans
- People on Board
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Link will appear as Ships Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, May 31, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.