- 1904 – Battle of Ulsan begins. Also known as the Battle of the Japanese Sea, the conflict took place between Russia and Japan during the Russo-Japanese War.
- 1934 – The ”Li’l Abner” comic strip by Al Capp made its first appearance in newspapers.
- 1935 – A government pension system is established with the passing of the United States Social Security Act.
- 1941 – After three days of secret meetings aboard warships off the coast of Newfoundland, the Atlantic Charter was issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. The Charter, a foundation stone for the later establishment of the United Nations, set forth eight goals for the nations of the world, including; the renunciation of all aggression, right to self-government, access to raw materials, freedom from want and fear, freedom of the seas, and disarmament of aggressor nations. By September, fifteen anti-Axis nations signed the Charter.
- 1945 – Japan surrenders to the Allies in World War II.
- 1945 – V-J Day, commemorating President Truman’s announcement that Japan had surrendered to the Allies.
- 1947 – Pakistan becomes Independent from British rule. The South Asian country was part of British India Empire, until August 14, 1947, when the region held by the British was partitioned into India and Pakistan. The new country became a part of the commonwealth and appointed Liaquat Ali Khan as its first Prime Minister.
- 1971 – Stanford prison experiments begin. The controversial Stanford prison experiments to study the effects of authority in a prison setting began. The experiment had to be shut down by the 6th day because of the adverse effect on the subjects.
- 1974 – Part of the Vietnam War, the last United States troops leave Vietnam.
- 2010 – The First Youth Olympics Begins. The Olympic-style games meet was organized by the International Olympic Committee and was held in Singapore. Like the games, the Youth Olympics are held every 4 years and have both summer and winter versions. The first Winter Youth Olympics were held in Innsbruck, Austria in January 2012. Only athletes aged 14 to 18 years are allowed to compete in these games.
- 1851 – Doc Holliday (Gunfighter at the O.K (Corral)
- 1945 – Steve Martin (Actor)
- 1956 – Rusty Wallace (Nascar Driver)
- 1959 – Magic Johnson (Basketball Player)
- 1960 – Sarah Brightman (English soprano, songwriter, actress)
- 1966 – Halle Berry (Actress)
- 1983 – Mila Kunis (Actress)
- 1987 – Tim Tebow (Football / Baseball player)
- 1909 – William Stanley (English inventor, engineer)
- 1938 – Hugh Trumble (Australian cricketer, accountant)
- 1941 – Maximilian Kolbe (Polish martyr, saint)
- 1951 – William Randolph Hearst (American publisher, politician, founded the Hearst Corporation)
- 1956 – Bertolt Brecht (German author)