Download This Sample
This sample is exclusively for KidsKonnect members!
To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup for free (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download!
Sign Me Up
Table of Contents
India, known officially as the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populated country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populated democracy in the world.
See the fact file below for more information about India or download the comprehensive worksheet pack which contains over 10 worksheets and can be used in the classroom or homeschooling environment.
Facts & Information
Facts About India
- India is a country located in South Asia and is the seventh-largest country in the world.
- It is bordered by several countries, including China, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Bangladesh.
- It covers an area of 3,287,263 sq. km and has a population in excess of 1.3 billion people.
- India’s capital is New Delhi, and its currency is the Indian rupee (INR)
- India is a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary form of government.
- The two main languages spoken in India are Hindi and English although India recognizes 22 official languages.
- India is the second-most populous country in the world.
- India is a fast-growing economy but still struggles with poverty, malnutrition, and corruption in its government.
History Of India
- The Indus Valley was the first urban culture in South Asia and flourished between 2500 and 1900 BCE.
- The cultural pockets of this region transitioned to the Iron Age between 2000-500 BCE.
- Recording the life of Buddha was important to the beginning of recorded history in India.
- During the Medieval age, from 600 CE-1200 CE, India went through a period of cultural diversity, and many regional kingdoms expanded.
- Under the Mughal Dynasty in India in the 16th century, India’s cultural and social groups gained recognition through their trade as well as military experience.
- Groups of elites flourished, and when the Mughal Dynasty began to crumble, these elites were able to control their own affairs.
- Europeans had arrived in the 18th century and had set up coastal and trade outposts.
- India began supplying the British with raw materials with which to trade. Many historians consider this to be the start of India’s colonial period.
- Technological changes to railways and canals marked India’s transition into its “modern period”, which occurred around 1850.
- After WW1, when approximately one million Indians served, Indian citizens, headed by Mohandas Gandhi, began a nonviolent movement calling for Indian independence.
- On August 15, 1947, India was granted independence from the British Empire and the British Raj ended.
- Economic liberalization has created a large middle class in India, which has made it one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.
Geography Of India
- India sits atop the Indian tectonic plate and part of the Indo-Australian Plate, which makes it susceptible to earthquakes, landslides, and other natural disasters.
- Major rivers in India include the Ganges, which is 1568 ml (2,525 km) long, the Brahmaputra, the Yamuna, and the Kosi tributaries.
- The climate in India is influenced strongly by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert. These both drive the summer and winter monsoons.
- The Himalayas prevent cold winds from blowing in, which keeps the majority of India warm.
- There are four major climatic groupings in India: tropical wet, tropical dry, subtropical humid, and montane.
Flora and Fauna
- India has a variety of different soil types and climatic conditions, which supports many species of flora and fauna, making it a biodiversity hotspot.
- So far, over 46,000 species of plants have been documented, including over 15,000 flowering plants and ferns.
- India has 89,000 species of animals as well as a large variety of fish.
- Fauna species number 92,037, of which 61,375 species are insects.
- The larger species of fauna include the Indian elephant, the Bengal tiger, the Indian rhinoceros, and the Asiatic lion.
- There are also over 270 species of snakes in India, of which about 60 are highly venomous.
- The King cobra is the most poisonous snake in India, the Indian python is the largest, and the krait is the most deadly snake in India.
- India has a wide spectrum of animals that are native to the country, including an abundance of farm animals such as cows, goats, chickens, and camels.
- India has over 120 national parks and over 500 wildlife sanctuaries.
- In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Preservation Act, which protects plants and animal species. They also launched “Project Tiger”, which is a tiger conservation program that was launched in 1973.
Culture and Economy Of India
- India is one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.
- The majority of India’s economy comes from the service sector; however, there are many issues with the treatment and pay of the worker labor force in India, which numbers over 500 million.
- Agricultural products that India exports include rice, wheat, tea, sugarcane, and potatoes.
- Major industries in India include textiles, telecommunications, pharmaceuticals, machinery, and software, among others.
- Although India is experiencing a massive economic growth period, it still struggles with socio-economic challenges, including poverty, malnutrition, corruption, slavery, and child labor.
- Hindi is the official language of the government, although English is used extensively in business and administration.
- India is known for being very religiously diverse. Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Islam, Christianity, and Jainism are among the nation’s religions.
- The earliest writing in India was written in the Sanskrit language.
- Indian music ranges depending on the regional style and traditions in the area.
- The Indian film industry produces the world’s most-watched cinema.
- Family values are very important in the Indian tradition, and many Indians have their marriages arranged. There is a low divorce rate.
- Popular sports in India include cricket, field hockey, tennis, and various indigenous sports.
- There are many religious-oriented festivals in India, including Diwali, Thai Pongal, and Eid ul-Fitr.
- Staple foods in India include pearl millet, rice, whole-wheat flour, lentils, urad, and various spices.
- Indian cooks blend a variety of spices to create unique flavors. Their foods are highly aromatic and very tasty because of the combination of different spices, such as turmeric and pepper.
- A typical Indian meal is steamed rice or thin unleavened bread served with a flavourful, savory dish made with fish, poultry, meat, or lentils.
- India also has distinctive vegetarian cuisines, differing in each of the many regions.
Did You Know?
- Cows are considered sacred in India.
- Most Hindus are vegetarian.
- India has over 2 million Hindu temples and over 300,000 mosques.
- India is the wettest inhabited place on Earth.
- The national symbol of India is the endangered Bengal Tiger.
- 70% of all the world’s spices come from India.
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use India Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about India, known officially as the Republic of India, which is a country in South Asia.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- India Facts.
- India Wordsearch.
- Cuisine of India.
- Postcard from India.
- Animals of India.
- India Crossword.
- The Taj Mahal.
- Map of India.
- Fact or Myth?
- Animals in India.
- Opinion Paragraph
Frequently Asked Questions
Is India an exciting place to visit?
India is a country where many people of different languages, religions, and races live in harmony. India has many historical and spiritual places to visit, adventurous activities, and nearly 90,000 types of animals and 50,000 plant species making it a remarkable and exciting tourist destination.
What does India’s flag look like?
The national flag of India is commonly called the Tricolor. It is a horizontal rectangular tricolor flag of deep saffron, white and dark green. The Ashoka Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel in navy blue, sits in the center of the white strip.
Which Indian dishes are famous worldwide?
Butter chicken and biryani are very well-known and popular Indian dishes served in all parts of the world. It is said that biryani has more variants than any other dish in the world.
Is India’s Taj Mahal one of the 7 Wonders of the World?
The Taj Mahal, also known as the Golden Temple, is indeed one of the seven wonders of the world. It is an immense mausoleum of white marble built between 1631 and 1648 in memory of Shah Jahan’s beloved wife, Mumtaz.
Are there beaches in India?
Much of India is surrounded by ocean, and parts of the coastline are scattered with beautiful stretches of golden sand. The best beaches can be found on the west coast, with Goa being a famous beach destination.
Link/cite this page
If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source.
Link will appear as India Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 14, 2017
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.