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Figurative language is when you use a word or phrase that does not have its normal everyday, literal meaning. Writers can use figurative language to make their work more interesting or more dramatic than literal language which simply states facts.
See the fact file below for more information on the figurative speech or alternatively, you can download our 22-page Figurative Speech worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
What is Figurative Speech?
- Think of Figurative Speech as a way to make your everyday language a little more interesting! Figurative speech are words or phrases that are used, to add creativity in a non-literal way.
- There are different kinds of figurative speech. Sometimes it involves changing the arrangement of words making it more poetic, or using imagery to give a visualization on a certain topic.
- Figurative speech or figures of speech act as literary devices as they are able to bring out a more expressive use of language.
- Words and phrases are used differently from the usual literal meanings and applications.
Types of Figures of Speech
- Now that you have an idea of what Figures of Speech are, we can now talk about the types of figures of speech! There are many different types that can be used in different ways,
- Some figures of speech are used to make comparisons. There is a simile and a metaphor. Simile compares two dissimilar things are compared to each other by using the words “like” or “as. For example, “He is as red as a tomato.”
- Metaphor is also used to compare, like a simile does except it does not have connecting words. An example would be, “Life is a rollercoaster.”
- Alliteration is another figure of speech that repeats the beginning sounds of neighboring words. Here is an example, “Sheep should sleep in a shed.”
- Hyperbole exaggerates in order to put emphasis or a greater effect. For example, “He runs faster than the wind.”
- Irony is used when there is a contrast between what is said and meant. For example, “The police station gets robbed.”
- Onomatopoeia uses words that make the sound of what it is describing. Some examples of this would be machine sounds such as zap, boing, and animal sounds such as moo, ribbit.
- Personification uses human qualities to describe non-living things or ideas. “The flowers danced in the wind.” would be an example of personification.
- Another figure of speech is synecdoche. This happens when a part is represented by a whole or vise versa. The phrase “All hands on deck.” is an example of synecdoche. The word hands represents a part of a whole crew.
- An apostrophe is when a speaker directly addresses someone (or something) that is not present or cannot respond in reality. The entity being addressed can be an absent, dead, or imaginary person.
- Allusion is when a text alludes to another text—or a human, location, or event. It can be stated explicitly or inferred. One example of allusion would be “You’re my Achilles heel.” pertaining to a weakness one might have for another.
- Oxymoron is two terms that contradict each other, used together. The word “Bittersweet| is an example of an oxymoron. Bitter and sweet are two things or feelings that contradict each other.
Figurative Speech Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Figurative Speech across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Figurative Speech worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the figurative speech which is when you use a word or phrase that does not have its normal everyday, literal meaning. Writers can use figurative language to make their work more interesting or more dramatic than literal language which simply states facts.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Understanding Figures of Speech
- Simile VS Metaphor
- Nature is Alive
- Finding References
- Match the Sound
- How’re You Feeling
- Poetry Class
- Opposites Attract
- Lyrical Genius
- Fast Talk
- Let’s Practice!
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Link will appear as Figurative Language Worksheets & Examples: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, July 2, 2021
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.