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A food chain shows the feeding relationship between different living things in a particular environment or habitat. Often, a plant will begin a food chain because it can make its own food. Organisms that can make their own food are called producers. Consumers are animals that eat producers or other animals. The animal that eats the producer is called the primary consumer. The animal that eats the primary consumer is called a secondary consumer. The animal that eats the secondary consumer is called a third order consumer and so on to fourth, fifth, etc.
- The food chain is the transfer of energy from one species to another.
- All living things need energy for living beings to grow.
- Within a food chain, some living things create the energy (producers) and some use the energy (consumers).
- Plants are producers of energy, as they make their own food (using sunlight, soil, and other elements).
- Animals are consumers because they have to eat other animals and plants
- There are four different types of consumers in the animal kingdom. A carnivore is an animal that only eats other animals. A herbivore is an animal that only eats plants. An omnivore is an animal that eats both plants and animals. A scavenger is an animal that eats dead animals.
- The food chain can begin with a plant. The plant is then eaten by an insect. The insect is eaten by a bird. The bird is eaten by a large mammal. The mammal dies after being hit by a car. It decomposes and is broken down and used as food by bacteria and fungi.
- There are more than 100,000 different types of decomposer organisms. These simpler nutrients are returned to the soil and can be used again by the plants. Then the energy chain begins all over again.
- If one level is removed from the food chain, it can have disastrous results.
- Humans are at the end of the food chain. They eat both plants and animals that have consumed other forms of energy.
Food Chain Worksheets
This bundle of food chain worksheets contains 7 ready-to-use activities to teach students about the different food chains and animals involved within the food chain.
Food Chain: Producers
Introductory Producers worksheet.
Color the consumers
Task for students to color the primary consumers.
Secondary and Tertiary Consumers
Identify & color the secondary consumers. Name the tertiary consumer.
Water World Food Chain
Students are tasked with drawing a food chain for marine species.
The Food web
Students are tasked with making as many food chains as possible. Different colored pencils are required!
Matching the quaternary consumers with the tertiary consumers. Can your students successfully match these?
Word search based worksheet naming and circling the five decomposers within the grid.
After completing these Food Chain worksheets students will be able to:
- Clear understanding of the food chain.
- Name successfully primary, secondary and tertiary consumers.
- Introduced to a food chain from the marine world. (perhaps further explore this?)
- Mix and match consumers successfully.
- With further research understand decomposers and successfully complete the grid task.
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Link will appear as Food Chain Facts and Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, September 22, 2016
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.