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Table of Contents
France, known officially as the French Republic, is a unitary sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
See the fact file below for more information about France or download the comprehensive worksheet pack which contains over 11 worksheets and can be used in the classroom or homeschooling environment.
Population: Nearly 67 million people
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Area: 640,679 sq. km
Government: Unitary senatorial semi-presidential republic
- France receives about 83 million tourists each year.
- They are one of the 5 permanent members of the U.N Security Council, and are a member of the EU, NATO, the WTO, and many other organizations.
History Of France:
- The oldest evidence of human life in France, found mostly in caves, date back to 1.8 million years ago.
- Present-day Marseille (at the time called Massalia) was founded in 600 BC, and is France’s oldest city.
- Around this time, the idea of “Gaul” emerged, which was the name for a region of Western Europe filled with Celtic tribes during the Iron Age.
- During the French Renaissance from 1400-1650, the French language became the official language of France, and there was a large cultural movement.
- Also during this time, Jacques Cartier and Samuel de Champlain claimed native land in the Americas for France, which marked the beginning of the expansion of the French colonial empire.
- The French Wars of Religion were a result of the rise of Protestantism in Europe, which was a huge change from the Holy Roman Empire which had dominated in prior years.
- Louis XIV, aka Louis the Great or the “Sun King” reigned as King of France from 1643 to 1715, when he died.
- Once he died, a line of successors led France until the French Revolution in 1789, starting with the storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789, which became France’s National Day.
- Napoleon Bonaparte took control of the French Republic from 1799 to 1815. His armies conquered much of continental Europe, which led to the expansion of French ideals and reforms around the world.
- France was part of the Triple Entente with Russia and Great Britain during WWI, and lost 1.4 million French soldiers.
- In 1940, France was occupied by Nazi Germany.
- France fought alongside the Allied forces during WWII and participated in the French Resistance.
- French sovereignty was restored with the Provisional Government of the French Republic, established by
Charles de Gaulle, pictured to the right.
- In recent years, France has been the target of some terrorist attacks, including the 1995 Paris Metro bombings, and the Charlie Hebdo attack, among others.
Geography & Climate Of France:
- France is bordered by four different bodies of water – the North Sea to the north, the English Channel to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea in the southeast.
- France is sometimes referred to as the “hexagon” due to its shape.
- France has many overseas regions, including French Guiana, Saint Martin, French Polynesia, Adelie Land, and many others.
- Most of France has an oceanic climate, with a few variations depending on the region.
- 28% of France is forested.
- The topography in France provides a major source of water and hydropower.
- Some parts of the Alps can be found in France, on the border with Italy.
- France has many river systems.
Culture & Economy:
- France has a large, mixed economy that includes infrastructure sectors, railway, nuclear power, and much private enterprise.
- France is part of the European single market.
- Dairy, wine, poultry, and wheat are agricultural exports of France.
- France is the most popular tourist destination in the world; particularly due to the Eiffel Tower and the Louvre.
- Electricite de France produces 22% of the European Union’s electricity, primarily from nuclear power.
- France has been a major contributor to the fields of science and technology, and have produced many great thinkers such as Rene Descartes, Blaise Pascal, Louis Pasteur,
Marie Curie, and many others.
- France is recognized for its rich and traditional culture, as well as its thousands of protected historical castles, statues, gardens, and cathedrals.
- French art was influenced mainly by the Renaissance.
- Medieval French literature, poetry, and other texts were important contributions to French culture.
- French philosophy and the works of Descartes, Rousseau, Pascal, and others, are still often taught in Universities around the world.
- France is considered one of the world’s fashion capitals.
- French cuisine is renowned for being one of the finest in the world.
- Typical French dishes include quiche, champagne, macarons, and using rich ingredients and a variety of cheeses in their dishes.
- Popular sports in France include football, rugby, and tennis.
- The traditional symbol of the French people is the Gallic rooster; this widely shapes the representation of the French.
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use France Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about France, known officially as the French Republic, which is a unitary sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- France Facts.
- France Acrostic.
- Lost in Translation.
- France Crossword.
- Matching Activity.
- Napoleon Biography.
- France Wordsearch.
- The Philosophical French.
- True or False?
- French Food.
- Sketching the Eiffel Tower.
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Link will appear as France Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 14, 2017
Use With Any Curriculum
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