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Saint Valentine’s Day, also known as Valentine’s Day or the Feast of Saint Valentine, is a holiday celebrated on February 14 each year in many countries around the world. It is not a public holiday in most countries and over history it evolved into a holiday in which people express their love for each other by presenting flowers, offering confectionery, and sending greeting cards (known as “valentines”).
See the fact file below for more information on Valentine’s Day or download the 39 page comprehensive worksheet collection to use within the homeschooling or classroom environment.
Origin Of Valentine’s Day:
- One of the popular origins of Valentine’s Day was Saint Valentine, who defied Emperor Claudius II. Valentinus was imprisoned for illegally officiating marriage among soldiers.
- Emperor Claudius banned such marriages because he believed that it distracted soldiers. Valentinus was soon executed. It was believed that before his execution, he wrote a letter to Julia, the daughter of his jailer. The letter was inscribed with “From your Valentine.”
- Allegedly, Valentinus was buried on February 14th. Julia planted almond and pink blossoms beside his grave symbolizing lasting friendship and love.
- There was another Saint Valentine who served as a pope for 40 days in 827 A.D.
- During the 1300s, Valentine’s Day was associated with the idea of love and romance. Birds’ mating season falls in February, which is why doves are often associated with love.
- In 1537, King Henry VIII declared February 14 a holiday. The king was known as the last Tudor king who has six wives over the course of his life
Valentine’s Day Celebration
- In the 18th century England, Valentine’s Day was celebrated in the way we know today. Lovers or couples started to exchange gifts, flowers, cards, and candies to express their love.
- By the late 19th century, Richard Cadbury released the first Valentine’s Day candy box.
- The first exchange of a Valentine’s Day card was sent during the 1700s but it was not until the 1840s when cards and letters for this day became mass-produced.
- Today, Valentine’s Day is the second most popular day for sending cards and letters, next to Christmas.
- In the United States alone, approximately 1 billion Valentine’s Day cards are exchanged every year.
- In 1866, Necco sweethearts also known as conversation hearts were invented. Phrases such as hug me, true love, kiss me, and love me were inscribed on boxes.
- The most popular gift on Valentine’s Day is flowers followed by chocolates and jewelry. February 14 also became the most popular day for marriage proposals.
- During Valentine’s Day, Verona, Italy receives 1,000 letters addressed to Juliet. Romeo and Juliet were the famous characters of William Shakespeare’s play Romeo and Juliet.
- Cupid, son of Venus, was associated to Valentine’s Day as the matchmaker. Venus was the goddess of love and beauty.
- In Latin American countries, Valentine’s Day is known as el dia de los enamorados (day of lovers).
- In Denmark, Valentine’s Day is a relatively new holiday (the 1990s). Danish people give white flowers known as snowdrops. In addition, men give women gaekkebrev or joking letters consisting of a funny poem.
- In South Korea, Valentine’s starts on February 14 and lasts until April 14. Women start the gift-giving on the 14th of February, known as Red Day. By March 14, known as the White Day, men send the gifts. The third holiday, known as Black Day, falls every April 14 and is the time for single men and women to mourn for their status with friends by eating jajangmyeon (black bean paste noodles).
- From as early as the 17th century, Welsh wooden love spoons are carved by men to express their love for women. These spoons are also exchanged as gifts during weddings, anniversaries, and births.
- In China, Valentine’s Day is synonymous with Qixi or the Seventh Night Festival. During this time, women prepare fruit offerings to Zhinu, the heavenly king’s daughter, in search of a good husband.
- Mass weddings are officiated in the Philippines every February 14.
- Italians celebrate Valentine’s Day as the Spring Festival. It is the time for young and unmarried women to spot for their future husbands. Couples celebrate the day with a romantic dinner.
- Brazilians have their Lovers’ Day on June 12th followed by Saint Anthony’s Day, honoring their patron saint of marriage.
Other Important Events On This Day:
- Oregon became the 33rd state admitted to the Union on Valentine’s Day of 1859, while Arizona attained its statehood in 1912.
- In 1962, U.S. First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy appeared on the first televised tour inside the White House.
- On Valentine’s Day of 1876, Alexander Graham Bell applied for the patent of the telephone.
- On February 14, 1929, Alexander Fleming introduced penicillin.
Valentine’s Day Worksheets
This BUMPER bundle includes 39 ready-to-use Valentine’s Day worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about Saint Valentine’s Day, also known as Valentine’s Day or the Feast of Saint Valentine, which is a holiday celebrated on February 14 each year in many countries around the world.
Worksheet Collection 1:
- Valentine’s Day Facts
- Who’s St. Valentine?
- Fill My Heart
- Symbols of Love
- Flower Power
- Mapping Valentine’s Day
- Heart’s Day
- Necco Sweethearts
- Picture Valentine’s
- Valentine’s Day Card
Worksheet Collection 2:
- Valentine’s Day Facts
- The Goddess of Love
- The Symbols of Valentine’s
- What would your valentine’s card contain?
- I Love You Around the World
- Love Limerick
- CELEBRATING VALENTINE’S IN…
- United States and other countries
- Music and Romance
- Love and Songs
- Valentine’s Day Maze
- Matching by Pair
- Great Romances
- Great Romances II
- Hearty Multiplication
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Link will appear as Valentine’s Day Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, February 7, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.